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Natural Science Courses: Class Overviews

Courses in the natural sciences include a wide range of specific topics, such as astronomy, geology, chemistry, physics, biology and anthropology. These courses can be found at both undergraduate and graduate levels, as part of degree programs, and for individual interest.

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Essential Information

Natural science courses are readily available for students at all levels of higher education. They form the core curriculum for any number of science-related degree programs at both undergraduate and graduate levels, such as in biology, physics, biochemistry or environmental science programs. Basic natural science courses may also be required or offered as electives for non-science majors seeking a traditional liberal arts education.

Common natural science classes include:

  • Astronomy
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Physics
  • Earth science
  • Human anatomy

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  • Astronomy
  • Astrophysics
  • Atmospheric Physics
  • Chemical Technologies
  • Earth Science
  • Geochemistry
  • Geophysics and Seismology
  • Meteorology
  • Natural Sciences
  • Oceanography
  • Paleontology
  • Planetary Astronomy
  • Water Resource Sciences

List of Courses

Cosmology and General Relativity Course

This course often covers a broad perspective on modern cosmology. The history of the universe, the physics of the early universe and the formation of the galaxies are typically discussed. Students may also study special relativity, curved spaces, gravity, space-time curvature, tensor analysis and metrics. Additionally, they may examine cosmological models, cosmological observations and the Robertson-Walker metric.

Biological Anthropology Course

Students in this course learn about human origins by studying the basic concepts of evolution, primatology and genetics. The course can also cover topics related to human adaptation and evolutionary medicine. While this course often covers theory, scientific methods and statistical analysis as they relate to human evolution, they may also include laboratory exercises.

Microbiology Course

During a microbiology course, students are introduced to concepts of how microorganisms function. They gain a thorough understanding of the various diseases affecting humans and the biology of the infectious process. They investigate the defense mechanisms used to protect against infection and the principles of action of applicable chemotherapeutic agents. Lab work provides students with practical experience meant to further develop their knowledge.

Oceanography Course

Students learn about marine environments and the impact oceans have on global societies. The central geographical features, physical characteristics and chemical makeup of oceans are studied. The processes of the ocean and the way these processes affect different types of ecosystems' biological characteristics are generally part of the curriculum as well. Students may also review concepts regarding waves, wave theory and the wave equation, tide theory and changes in sea level.

Physics Course

In a physics course, students analyze the motion of objects and the forces that cause or allow motion. They are presented with methods and concepts designed to provide them knowledge of physical phenomena. Fluids, heat, forces, kinetics and waves are among topics generally discussed. Students may also research Newton's first and second laws, conservation of energy, collisions, linear momentum and rotational dynamics.

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