Types of Nursing Degrees
Many nurses follow the traditional educational progression of a nursing career, beginning with an associate's or a bachelor's degree and ending with a master's or a Ph.D. in some specialized type of nursing, research or nursing administration. An undergraduate degree is required to become a registered nurse, while a graduate degree can lead to a variety of careers including nurse practitioner, certified clinical nurse specialist or nursing educator.
Undergraduate Degree Programs
The job duties of a registered nurse (RN) vary according to population demographics and clinical settings. Many RNs specialize in areas such as gerontology, neonatal, diabetes management or a specific body system. Clinical settings can include hospitals and nursing homes. Successful completion of these undergraduate degree programs prepares graduates to sit for the NCLEX-RN examination. As of May 2014, registered nurses constituted one of the largest healthcare occupations, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Associate's Degree Programs
An associate's or bachelor's degree is needed to become a registered nurse. Associate degree programs are offered at many vocational schools and community colleges. Earning an associate's degree in nursing (ADN) can take between two to three years. Coursework generally includes a combination of classroom study and hands-on clinical practice. Many ADN programs are designed to be credit-transferable to bachelor's degree programs in nursing.
Bachelor's Degree Programs
According to the BLS, registered nurses with a bachelor's degree often have more career advancement opportunities. A Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) usually takes four years to complete, but students can also find accelerated BSN programs that allow them to finish in less time. BSN degree programs should be accredited by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE) or a similarly reputable organization. A student in a BSN program will often study pharmacology, nursing management, microbiology, nursing research, health and nutrition, chemistry and psychology.
Graduate Degree Programs
Graduate degree programs in nursing include a Master of Science in Nursing and Ph.D. programs in a variety of specialties. A master's degree in nursing can allow a nurse to advance into a number of jobs, including nurse practitioner, certified clinical nurse specialist, certified nurse anesthetist or certified nurse midwife.
A master's degree program can take 18 to 24 months to complete and often builds on the core foundational courses of a BSN degree program. These programs typically allow students to choose a concentration, like gerontology or acute care. A Ph.D. in Nursing often gives the skills needed to teach and perform some forms of medical research. It can take six to eight years to complete a Ph.D. degree program in nursing.