Nurse practitioners are required to have a master's degree in nursing, a registered nursing license, and an advanced practice nursing license. Certification is optional. Occupational health nurse practitioners specialize in the field of occupational health and focus on stress, injuries and illnesses caused in the workplace.
Occupational health nurse practitioners treat work-related injuries and educate employees on the benefits of a safe work environment. In order to obtain such a position a master's degree must be earned, along with both RN licensure and specialized advanced practice nursing licensure. Optional certification is available through the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners.
|Required Education||Master's-level nursing degree|
|Required Licensure||RN licensure and advanced practice nursing licensure|
|Optional Certification||Family Nurse Practitioner offered by the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners|
|Projected Job Growth (2014-2024)*||35% for nurse practitioners|
|Mean Annual Salary (2015)*||$101,260 for nurse practitioners|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Job Description for Occupational Health Nurse Practitioners
Occupational health nurse practitioners (OHNP) are also known as occupational and environmental health nurse practitioners or occupational health and family nurse practitioners. Their main focus is on the prevention and treatment of stress, injuries or illnesses derived from the work environment. They usually care for patients directly, working for medical facilities such as hospitals, doctor offices, or employee health clinics. They can also work as educators, researchers or consultants.
OHNPs are initially trained as registered nurses, meaning they hold a 4-year bachelor's degree, an associate degree or a diploma in nursing. However, in order to become a licensed nurse practitioner, OHNPs must also hold a master's degree in nursing and pass the National Council of State Boards of Nursing's NCLEX-PN examination.
Though not required, one certification option that could benefit entry-level OHNPs is the Family Nurse Practitioner certification offered by the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners. This professional credential verifies that the OHNP possess the education and skills needed to perform as a nurse practitioner.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) indicates a mean annual salary of $101,260 for nurse practitioners in general in 2015. It also predicts that employment for nurse practitioners overall will increase 35% between 2014 and 2024, which is much faster than average.
Responsibilities of Occupational Health Nurse Practitioners
OHNPs are often instrumental in maintaining safe workplace conditions by educating workers on personal health issues and a company's safety policies. They often observe current business practices related to the handling of hazardous materials or maintaining health and safety standards. OHNPs make recommendations to employers that can make a workplace and its standard operating procedures safer for employees. Their specialized knowledge can lead to increased employee retention, as well as reduced worker's compensation claims.
In order to help employees maintain optimal health in their work environment, OHNPs should be familiar with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and legislation that protects worker rights, such as the Family and Medical Leave Act and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. Additional patient care duties can include counseling for drug and alcohol addiction and offering wellness program options. OHNPs also dispense information on nutrition, vaccinations, exercise, weight loss and the dangers of smoking.
OHNPs may act as consultants, advising employers and employees on how to maintain a safe working environment, how to reduce workplace stress, and how to prevent illness in the workplace. They may also treat individuals suffering from workplace stress or injury, and typically work in hospitals, doctor's offices, or medical clinics.