Education Portal is now! We still offer the same great content and features, with more added every day, just under a new name. Learn more x

Oncology Nurse: Learn About This Specialized Nursing Field

Learn about the education and preparation needed to become an oncology nurse. Get a quick view of the requirements as well as details about degree programs, job duties and certification to find out if this is the career for you.

View 13 Popular Schools »

Essential Information

Oncology nursing requires nursing professionals to care for those who are afflicted by cancer. Registered nurses must complete a master's degree in nursing and specialize in oncology in order to become an oncology nurse. Certification from the Oncology Nursing Certification Corporation is also required.

Required Education Master's degree
Other Requirements Certification by ONCC
Projected Job Growth (2012-2022)* 19% for all registered nurses
Average Salary (2014)* $69,790 for all registered nurses

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Job Description

An oncology nurse is a nursing professional who specializes in caring for patients undergoing or recovering from cancer treatments. Like other nurses, oncology nurses work under the supervision of doctors, specifically those who are managing a patient's cancer treatment strategy. Oncology nurses may also administer radiation therapy, antibiotics, chemotherapy and blood transfusions to patients.

Education Overview

To become an oncology nurse, a student must finish an undergraduate degree or diploma program in nursing and obtain licensure as a registered nurse (RN). Diploma and associate degree programs take 2-3 years to complete, while bachelor's degree programs are four years in length. To attend graduate school, applicants must have a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN). Registered nurses with a diploma or associate's degree (ADN) in nursing must upgrade to a bachelor's degree by enrolling in a bridge program (i.e. ADN-to-BSN) before applying to grad school. Each type of program incorporates classroom and clinical experience. Common courses of study, regardless of program type, include:

  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Nursing concepts
  • Health assessment

After graduating from a state-approved nursing program, obtaining a license is the next step. Earning an RN license requires passing the National Council Licensing Examination for Registered Nurses, commonly referred to as the NCLEX-RN. A license is required to legally work as a registered nurse. Additional licensing and registration requirements vary by state.

Master of Science in Oncology Nursing

Due to the specific nature of oncology nursing, oncology nurses need to earn a Masters of Science in Nursing with a specialty focus in oncology. These 2-year graduate degree programs feature more specialized coursework pertinent to the adult cancer nursing field. Graduates may be qualified to become advanced practice nurses, research supporters or educators as well. Common courses include:

  • Oncology treatment types
  • Cancer detection and prevention
  • Advanced pharmacology
  • End of life care

Certification Information

The Oncology Nursing Certification Corporation (ONCC) has several different optional certifications available to oncology nurses. Options vary depending on a nurse's level of training and education, but all require candidates to be licensed RNs. The ONCC offers both basic and advanced certification options, including:

  • OCN: Oncology Certified Nurse
  • CPON: Certified Pediatric Oncology Nurse
  • AOCN: Advanced Oncology Certified Nurse
  • AOCNP: Advanced Oncology Certified Nurse Practitioner
  • AOCNS: Advanced Oncology Certified Nurse Specialist
  • CBCN: Certified Breast Care Nurse

Job Outlook and Salary Information

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) expected employment opportunities for registered nurses to be faster than average, with a growth rate of 19% from 2012-2022 ( In 2014, 30% of all RNs were employed in general hospitals, while others found work with home healthcare service companies or in the offices of physicians. According to, as of March 2015, the majority of oncology nurses earned salaries ranging from $46,059 - $89,345 annually.

Show me popular schools

Related to Oncology Nurse: Learn About This Specialized Nursing Field

  • Related
  • Recently Updated
  • Popular
Nursing Training: Top College for Becoming a Nurse - Wichita, KS

Students interested in studying nursing in Wichita, KS, have only a few schools to choose from. Read about a top local school's...

Oncology Nurse Training and Certificate Program Overviews

Learn about degree and certificate programs for aspiring oncology nurses, who are nurses focused on cancer care. Check the...

Advanced Practice Oncology Nurse: Salary and Career Information

An advanced practice oncology nurse requires significant formal education. Learn about the degree program, job duties and...

Nursing School: Top School for Becoming a Nurse - Sacramento, CA

Students interested in studying to become a nurse in Sacramento have a few schools from which to pick. Read about the top local...

Top College in Tulsa for Registered Nurse Programs

Popular Schools

Popular Schools

  • Which subject are you interested in?

    • Bachelor in Nursing

    What year did you graduate from high school?

  • What is your highest level of education?

  • When would you like to start classes?

    • Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
    • MS in Nursing - Acute Care Nurse Practitioner
    • RN to BS in Nursing

    What is your highest level of education?

  • What is your highest level of education?

  • When do you plan to begin your studies?

    • MBA --Healthcare Management

    What is your highest level of education?

Avg. Wages For Related Jobs

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics