Online College Geology Classes and Courses Overview

Geology degree programs that are taught completely online are rare, primarily because most physical science programs require field work and on-campus laboratory experience. However, some online bachelor's and master's degree programs in related areas, such as environmental science, geoscience, and geotechnics, include geology courses.

Essential Information

Most online geology classes are geared towards students who are fulfilling core requirements for a related degree, preparing for a teaching degree in the earth sciences, or learning for personal enrichment. In addition to basic geology courses, schools offer specialized courses on unique geologic formations, and on specific industries, such as mining, environmental stewardship, and oil and gas exploration.

General Requirements for Online Courses

Online geology courses may be taught in a hybrid format, with independent study online as well as field trips and/or on-campus laboratory time. For online work, students must have a computer with Internet access; for online laboratory experiments, they may also need instant messaging and Internet phone applications. Individual courses may set other technical requirements as well, such as specialized geology software and/or a high-quality color printer and scanner to reproduce geological maps, charts, and diagrams.

List of Popular Online Geology Courses

The summaries below provide an overview of some of the more common geology courses available online.

Basic Geology Course

Students in this course study the basics of physical, structural, and sedimentary geology. The course introduces the concepts of geologic time, rock formation, mineral composition, and dynamic geologic change. Students also explore the history of geology as a science and how temperature, chemical interactions, pressure, and environmental factors produce observable results that lead to scientific theories.

Sedimentary Geology Course

This course examines how the sedimentary actions of streams, lakes, oceans, and glaciers create and change landforms. Topics include the chemical and physical properties that transport, deposit, and transform sediment into rock.

Plate Tectonics Theory Course

This course focuses on the history of plate tectonics theory and how the theory has evolved and developed. Students examine the nature of structural change and survey major faults, folds, and volcanoes, as well as the physical effects of earthquakes, rifting, and volcanic eruptions.

Terrestrial Planet Geology Course

Students apply the basics of geology to other rocky planets within and outside of our solar system. They correlate observable data with current theories to identify possible extraterrestrial geologic features. The major theories of how terrestrial planets accrete, develop, and change are discussed.

Geology and Biology Course

Students taking this course learn how biologic and geologic functions interact. Topics cover the geologic and chemical requirements for fossil production and the methods for interpreting rock strata. The formation of coal and oil is examined.

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