Organizational Consultant Job Description
Organizational consultants are more formally known as industrial-organizational psychologists; these professionals are specially trained to focus on both the employees' work environment and the company performance as a whole. They are responsible for enhancing the workplace based on research and the application of psychology principles. Organizational consultants often work closely with company management to solve common business-related issues through reorganization.
These specialized consultants are often used in an employment setting if a difficult situation is present with no resolution. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), these specialists screen, train, and counsel applicants for jobs, as well as performing organizational development and analysis (www.bls.gov).
The duties of organizational consultants are aimed at maximizing a company's efficiency and income while retaining its employees. These responsibilities include the following:
- Interview current and potential employees
- Analyze data, position requirements, and interview responses
- Evaluate and assess workers
- Create reports based on research data
- Actively play a role in management advisement
- Organize new testing and training developments
- Make recommendations on how to increase productivity
Industrial-organizational psychologists working as organizational consultants are required to have a master's or a doctoral degree specializing in industrial-organizational psychology. Acquiring either degree will grant graduates knowledge of sociology, research, and strategy development, preparing them to assess and improve workplace performance. Typical master's-level and doctorate course topics might include the following:
- Principles of industrial-organizational psychology
- Management psychology
- Personnel and human resource psychology practices
- Industrial-organizational workplace issues
Additional coursework concentrating in industrial-organizational psychology is often required in a Ph.D. program, including a dissertation.
Qualified candidates must possess strong oral communication and active listening skills for interacting effectively with workers and management. Career success is based on the ability to analyze, develop, research, and advise.
It was expected that the area of industrial-organizational psychology, informally known as organizational consultation, would grow by 53% between 2012 and 2022 and not endure the job competition similar to that of other fields, according to the BLS (www.bls.gov). Careers in psychology in general were expected to increase 12% from 2012-2022. Industrial-organizational psychologists earned a median annual salary of $80,330, per the BLS in May 2013.