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Overview of Nursing License Requirements

A nursing license is a required credential for all registered nurses practicing in the United States. Get some quick facts about the education and preparation necessary to qualify for the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX) for registered nurses.

Essential Information

Registered nurses (RN) work under the supervision of physicians in healthcare facilities, such as community health centers and hospitals. Nurses are often responsible for helping treat, diagnose and educate patients about their health. To gain RN licensure, prospective nurses must complete an approved training program and pass a state exam. Continuing education requirements must be met every few years in order to maintain licensure.

Required Education Associate's or bachelor's degree; diploma programs occasionally available
Required Skills Medical terminology, core nursing techniques, knowledge of medical treatments and diagnostic tests
Exam Requirements Passing score on the NCLEX-RN
Projected Job Growth (2012-2022) 19%*
Median Salary (2013) $66,220*

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)

Education

A nurse cannot apply for his or her license unless he or she has attained the proper education and has a degree from an accredited school. Aspiring registered nurses (RNs) may earn their associate's- or bachelor's-level nursing degree at a junior college or university, respectively. The school should be accredited by the National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission (NLNAC).

Students may also earn their nursing diploma in a program given by a hospital. These programs, though comparatively rare, will be more clinically based, though they'll still allow graduates to take the licensing exam when complete.

Licensing

In order to obtain a nursing license, a graduate must pass the NCLEX. The NCLEX required for a prospective registered nurse is the NCLEX-RN exam. There is also an NCLEX-PN exam for aspiring licensed practical nurses or licensed vocational nurses (LPNs or LVNs); a practical nurse is a lower-level position than an RN.

Preparation

The questions on the NCLEX-RN focus on the potential nurse's ability to make the correct decisions in scenarios regarding patient care, often under conditions of critical importance. Some subjects that candidates should review for the test include muscles, medical terminology, scientific and healthcare definitions, pharmacology, laboratory techniques and safety.

Registration

Candidates may apply for the exam through e-mail, through a mail-in application or over the telephone. Students registering online may do so through the National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN) website (www.ncsbn.org). Those registering through the mail may contact their state board of nursing through an application found on the NCSBN site, which also lists the pertinent phone numbers.

Passing the Test

The NCLEX-RN is a multiple choice test that can last up to six hours. The exam is administered by computer. Results are available one month after the testing has been completed, and scores are mailed out to test-takers through their state boards of nursing. Assuming all of the necessary application materials have been submitted, a passing score qualifies a candidate to become licensed as an RN in his or her state.

Employment Outlook and Salary Information

As of 2013, registered nurses earned an annual median salary of $66,220, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Faster-than-average employment growth of 19% was predicted for registered nurses for the decade spanning 2012-2022, per BLS data.

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