There are different types of patient care attendants, including nursing assistants, nurse's aides, home health aides, geriatric aides, and hospital attendants. Some work in medical facilities, while others travel to patients' homes. Patient care attendants may work on a part-time or full-time basis depending on the needs of their clients. Weekends and evening shifts are typical, as is having a caseload of several different patients.
A patient care attendant helps patients with basic grooming and dressing needs, administers medication, and, when working in a patient's home, often attends to basic housekeeping duties which the patient cannot get to. Throughout these routine tasks, a patient care attendant keeps the patient company, keeping an eye out for any changes in the patient's physical, emotional, or mental condition. The patient care attendant communicates the status of the patient, including any changes, periodically, to a supervisor, case manager, or nurse.
Patient care attendants should be compassionate, responsible, and comfortable working with people with various health issues and disabilities. There are no certification requirements; however, if an individual is employed with an organization that accepts reimbursement from Medicaid or Medicare, then a job training program must be completed. This job training lasts at least 75 hours of coursework and 16 hours of supervised work experience.
A physical examination, health tests for tuberculosis and other diseases, and a criminal background check may be required for employment. Voluntary certification from the National Association for Home Care and Hospice can help individuals obtain employment (www.nahc.org).
Education for this position usually comes from on-the-job training with supervisors, experienced patient care attendants, and registered nurses. Workers receive training in housekeeping duties, emergency response procedures, safety techniques, and special patient care considerations. The exact length of the training varies based on the employer; an evaluation may be completed at the end of the training to ensure that the individual can properly perform the necessary work duties.
Salary Info and Job Outlook
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS, www.bls.gov), the employment of home health and personal care aides is expected to grow by about 48% from 2012 to 2022, one of the fastest growing industries in the nation for this decade. The BLS also predicts that nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants will see job opportunities increase by about 21% during the same time frame.
The median annual salary earned by home health aides was $21,020 according to a report published by the BLS in May 2013. The same source indicated that personal care aides earned a median of $20,100 in May 2013, while nursing assistants earned a median of $24,890 a year.