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Personal Trainer: Job Description & Career Requirements

Learn about the education and preparation needed to become a personal trainer. Get a quick view of the requirements and details about degree programs, job duties and certification to find out if this is the career for you. View article »

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  • 0:01 Essential Information
  • 0:12 Job Description
  • 0:28 Job Duties
  • 1:07 Salary Info &…
  • 1:33 How to Become a…

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Video Transcript

Essential Information

Degree Level High school diploma or equivalent; bachelor's needed for some positions
Degree Field(s) Fitness science or related field
Licensure/Certification Certification available (often required without a degree); CPR certification
Experience None
Key Skills Interpersonal and communication skills; physically fit; patience
Job Outlook (2012-2022) 13% growth
Median Annual Salary (2015) $36,160 (for fitness trainers and instructors)

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Personal trainers help clients to achieve their personal fitness and weight goals. A college degree and certification from a professional fitness organization may be helpful for those wishing to enter this career.

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Job Description for a Personal Trainer

Most personal trainers work in a gym or fitness center. They spend their time interacting with clients in an office or training them on the gym floor. Trainers may work with clients individually or in small groups. Options in employment include working in a gym or being self-employed.

Duties

Personal trainers meet with clients before they begin working with them to gain a better understanding of the client's goal, like losing weight or gaining muscle mass. They may also give clients a tour of the facility and show them some of the workouts they may do. At this initial meeting, the trainer may also go over the charges for the personal training services and discuss payment plans.

Personal trainers devise customized exercise plans for their clients based on their goals. These plans typically include cardiovascular and weight lifting exercises. During a training session, trainers observe their clients performing exercises to ensure they are doing the moves correctly. Trainers may also give diet and lifestyle suggestions when they are relevant to the fitness plan.

Salary Info and Employment Outlook

According to predictions from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), jobs for fitness trainers and instructors should increase 13% from 2012-2022. This average level of job growth is partially due to the growing emphasis on the importance of good health for people of all ages. In May 2015, the BLS listed the median annual salary of fitness trainers and instructors at $36,160.

How to Become a Personal Trainer

The BLS noted that a high school diploma and certification classes are the main academic requirement for this field, though some trainers may need to earn a bachelor's degree in a fitness related field, such as exercise science, to enter the profession (www.bls.gov). Coursework typically includes anatomy, biomechanics and nutrition. Students also take lab courses that teach them how to gauge their clients' physical strengths and monitor their progress.

Certification

The BLS indicated that employers favor applicants who have some past personal training experience and certification in the field. The International Fitness Professionals Association (IFPA) offers one certification option for personal trainers (www.ifpa-fitness.com). In order to be eligible, candidates must be certified in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), be at least 18 years old and have a high school diploma or GED. The IFPA offers training courses to help candidates prepare for testing, but courses are voluntary.

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