Pipe Layer Training and Education Program Information
Pipe layers install various types of pipe at construction sites. A few apprenticeship programs are available through local unions and non-union contractor organizations. In these programs, students learn how to practically apply the concepts of their trade as well as how to properly handle the job on-site.
A pipe layer apprenticeship program features a mix of on-site training and classroom instruction. In the classroom, students examine safety and building regulations. They also learn to read blueprints and put concepts from physics and chemistry into practical application. At job sites, students learn to properly use hand tools, identify grades of pipe, shore up trenches and install pipes and valves.
An apprenticeship typically can be completed in 3-5 years. Many states require that pipe layers be licensed or certified, which usually calls for completing an apprenticeship program and meeting experience requirements.
- Prerequisites: High school diploma or GED, prior coursework in mathematics and drafting, a year or more of experience in construction or public works
- Experiential Learning: On-site training
- Other Requirements: License or certification
- Program Length: 3-5 years
Apprenticeship Programs in Pipe Laying
Coursework requirements vary by program, but usually include at least 144 hours of classroom time per year. Possible topics covered in the classroom portion of an apprenticeship program include:
- Water distribution systems
- Wastewater collection
- Materials estimations
- Blueprint reading
- Plumbing codes
Employment Outlook and Salary Info
Completing an apprenticeship program qualifies graduates to work as journeyperson pipe layers. Plumbing companies, municipal water departments, utility companies and pipeline companies are possible employers.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projected a 28% increase in the employment of pipe layers from 2012-2022 (www.bls.gov). This growth is expected to be driven by the continued increase in the construction industry overall. According to the BLS, the mean annual salary of pipe layers was $40,730 in May 2014.
Certification and Licensing
Some states or municipalities require pipe layers, usually those who lay gas lines or work for public utilities, to obtain a license or certification. Government certification and licensing requirements vary, but generally include completion of an approved apprenticeship program and experience in the field. Some municipalities also require proof of employment.
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