Pre-K Teacher: Job Description & Career Requirements
Pre-K teachers require some formal education. Learn about the education, job duties and certification requirements to see if this is the right career for you.
Pre-kindergarten (Pre-K) teachers instruct children under the age of five in public and private schools. Pre-K teachers use creative methods of learning, such as music, art and hands-on training, to educate students and prepare them for kindergarten. Depending on the employer and state, education requirements range from a high school diploma to a bachelor's degree. In addition, a state license and Child Development Associate (CDA) credential are often required.
|Required Education||Varies; High school diploma, associate's or bachelor's degree|
|Other Requirements||State license; CDA certificate required in some states|
|Projected Job Growth (2012-2022)*||17% for preschool teachers, not including special education|
|Median Salary (2013)*||$27,570 annually for preschool teachers, not including special education|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Pre-K Teacher Job Description
Pre-K teachers use an approved curriculum to develop both academic and social skills in their students in subjects like reading and social studies. This may include one-on-one and group instruction. Teachers may use activities like games and songs to help children develop skills in areas such as language and math.
Career Outlook for Pre-K Teaching
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), preschool teaching opportunities are anticipated to increase by 17% between 2012 and 2022 (www.bls.gov). This expected growth is a result of the increasing importance being placed on early childhood education. Additionally, the BLS forecasted higher school enrollment for children between three and five years of age.
The BLS reports that pre-K teachers earned a median wage of $27,570 annually as of May 2013. Teachers working in New York averaged the highest earnings, with a annual mean salary of $43,650.
Pre-K Teacher Requirements
While all states mandate some form of licensure, specific requirements for pre-K teachers vary considerably from state to state. For example, in some states prospective candidates must finish high school and earn the Child Development Associate (CDA) credential, while in other states they may need to complete an associate's or bachelor's degree program in early education or child development.
The Council for Professional Recognition offers CDA credentials to candidates who are juniors or seniors in a vocational high school early education program, as well as to individuals who have earned a high school diploma or its equivalent (www.cdacouncil.org). Qualified individuals must show proof of 120 hours of formal early childhood training and 480 hours of professional experience within the past five years. Once complete, applicants must demonstrate their skills in front of a council representative.
CDA credentials must be renewed. The initial CDA lasts three years, but after the first renewal, the certification is good for five years. CDA renewal requirements include providing documentation of a pediatric first aid certification, completing 4.5 continuing education credits and accruing 80 hours of work experience. Individuals must also submit letters of recommendation and proof of membership in a childhood development professional organization.
Early childhood education programs generally begin with courses that introduce students to topics in early childhood education, health and development. Additional courses teach students how to help children understand concepts in math and science.
Associate's degree programs may include a teacher practicum in the curriculum. Sometimes referred to as internships, these experiences provide students with an opportunity to prepare daily lessons and increase their classroom management skills.