Prosecuting Attorney: Job Description, Duties and Requirements
Prosecuting attorneys are licensed lawyers who represent federal, state and local governments in criminal cases against individuals or groups accused of illegal activity. They can be elected to represent government officials and agencies as well as affiliated boards and board members. Prosecutors must perform research and investigate the cases they bring to court.
Prosecuting Attorney Job Description
Prosecuting attorneys serve the public by representing local, state or federal governments in criminal court cases. They participate in the investigation of criminal activity, present evidence in court and assist in determining the punishment or settlement defendants should receive. Prosecutors often work in state or district attorneys' offices. Those looking to advance may consider running for District Attorney, which is generally an elected position.
Prosecuting Attorney Duties
Depending on the size of the municipality a prosecutor serves, job duties can vary. In larger offices, prosecuting attorneys may be assigned to specific areas of the law, such as traffic violations or juvenile offenses. In smaller offices, they may be responsible for all aspects of criminal prosecution.
Prosecuting attorneys begin a case by reviewing police reports and performing research. They may meet with witnesses or victims. They use their gathered information in court to present the case against the accused defendant. Prosecuting attorneys must follow cases through each stage of the judicial process and communicate with all involved parties. At times, this requires coordination with additional attorneys, the police and other professionals.
Prosecuting Attorney Requirements
Prosecuting attorneys, like all lawyers, need to obtain bachelor's degrees, complete law school and pass the bar exam. While there is no required undergraduate major, students may benefit from taking courses that improve their reading, writing and critical-thinking skills. Many pre-law students earn degrees in political science, English or philosophy.
Following undergraduate studies, prospective prosecutors must attend three years of law school to earn their Juris Doctor (J.D.) degrees. Admission to law school is competitive and contingent on students' Law School Admission Test (LSAT) scores. This test measures necessary qualities for law school by assessing reading comprehension, analytical and logical-reasoning skills, according to the Law School Admission Council (www.lsat.org).
Law School is a 3-year commitment for full-time students. During the first half of law school, students gain core knowledge by learning about necessary components of the law, including contracts, torts and civil procedure. In the final half of law school, students study topics in specializations of their choosing, such as tax or corporate law. Prospective prosecuting attorneys may want to consider studying criminal law to prepare for the career.
Attorneys must become licensed by passing the written bar exam upon completion of law school. The exam is administered through each state. According to the BLS, most states require passage of the Multistate Bar Examination, and some states also require attorneys to pass ethics exams and other state-specific tests.
Prosecuting attorneys must feel comfortable in courtrooms, so trial experience may be beneficial. They must also have an understanding of their communities' needs and the motivations driving law breakers. Successful prosecution can lead to an individual's loss of rights, and so a prosecuting attorney must use discretion, perform careful research and seek justice. This career also requires a sense of civic duty and fairness as well as strong analytical skills.
Salary Information and Employment Outlook
While the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) does not have a specific listing for prosecuting attorneys, it reported in May 2012 that the average annual salary for lawyers overall was $130,880. The BLS predicted that job opportunities for lawyers, including prosecuting attorneys, would increase 10% from 2010-2020.
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