The required level of education for a school administrator depends upon the type of school administration job desired. Some childcare center directors may have a high school diploma, while elementary, high school and college administrators hold advanced degrees. Experience in the education system, certification and licensure are examples of other requirements that may be required for a school administrator.
School administrators work in every level of education. They might direct programming, hire and supervise staff, manage budgets and make decisions that affect the academic community. They are also in charge of developing a direction and mission for the facility at which they work.
Completion of a master's degree is generally required for school administrators, with preschools and some private schools requiring less education. Administrators also frequently earn a doctorate. In addition, licensure or certification is necessary for many positions. The profession often requires training.
|Career||Preschool and Childcare Center Administrator||Elementary and Secondary School Administrator||Postsecondary Administrator|
|Required Education||Varies from high school diploma to bachelor's degree||Master's degree or higher typically required||Master's degree or higher typically required|
|Other Requirements||Related work experience; some states require national certification||Teaching experience; some positions, such as principal, typically require state licensure||Related work experience|
|Projected Job Growth (2014-2024)||7%*||6%*||9%*|
|Median Annual Salary (2015)||$45,670*||$90,410*||$88,580*|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Prospective preschool and childcare center administrators generally need no more than a bachelor's degree. However, for the elementary, secondary and postsecondary levels, most educational professionals with a desire to rise in the hierarchy get a master's or doctoral degree in education.
Degree programs for prospective elementary, secondary and postsecondary administrators are offered at various levels and under different titles, including Master of School Administration, Master of Education in Administration, Master of Arts in Education Administration and Doctor of Education in Education Administration. In combination with these programs, or as separate options, students might complete postbaccalaureate or post-master's certificate programs in school administration.
Admission to graduate programs generally requires that the applicant has a few years of experience in the school system in addition to an undergraduate degree from an accredited university. Once accepted, students frequently have a choice of specialization in areas such as K-12, higher education, non-school setting and public education leadership.
Typical coursework in these programs can include strategic planning, teacher recruitment, school laws, instructional leadership, school finance, organizational theory and school-community relations. Fieldwork experiences are also part of most graduate programs, and these experiences might result in a portfolio documenting that work.
While postsecondary administrators don't need licensing, some administrative positions on the elementary and secondary levels, such as public school principal, do require licensure through the state. Additionally, many administrators receive on-the-job training with a mentor.
Once employed, school administrators have many ethical obligations. These education professionals are responsible for reporting suspected abuse as well as reaching out to students with physical, psychological or emotional issues.
Occupational Outlook and Salary
Job opportunities for elementary, middle and secondary school administrators are expected to grow slower than average at about 6% from 2014 to 2024, according to the BLS. For the same decade, growth for preschool administrators was estimated at 7%, and postsecondary administrator job growth was predicted to be 9%.
Statistics from the BLS indicated that preschool and childcare center administrators earned a median annual salary of $45,670 in 2015, while elementary and secondary school administrators earned a median annual salary of $90,410. Postsecondary education administrators earned a median annual salary of $88,580 the same year.
School administrator duties include overseeing budgets, staff, programs, and overall school operations. Although an undergraduate degree is all that may be needed at the preschool and childcare level, a master's degree is commonly required for most other school administrator positions. Some jobs require certification or licensing.