Architects are responsible for the appearance and overall functionality of structures, while planners are involved with the use of land and the revitalization of communities. Architecture and planning programs can be found within the architecture departments of colleges and universities.
Ten Schools with Bachelor's in Architecture Programs
The following schools offer bachelor's programs in architecture. Undergraduate tuition for each of these schools is based on the 2015-2016 academic year.
|College/University||Location||Institution Type||Tuition and Fees*|
|Barnard College||New York, NY||4-year, Private||$47,631|
|Carnegie Mellon University||Pittsburgh, PA||4-year, Private||$50,665|
|Morgan State University||Baltimore, MD||4-year, Public||$7,508 in-state, $17,182 out-of-state|
|University of Texas, Austin||Austin, TX||4-year, Public||$9,806 in-state, 34,676 out-of-state|
|University of California, Los Angeles||Los Angeles, CA||4-year, Public||$12,763 in-state, $37,471 out-of-state|
|Southern Illinois University, Carbondale||Carbondale, IL||4-year, Public||$13,137 in-state, $26,390 out-of-state|
|Temple University||Philadelphia, PA||4-year, Public||$15,188 in-state, $25,494 out-of-state|
|Northeastern University||Boston, MA||4-year, Private||$45,530|
|Princeton University||Princeton, NJ||4-year, Private||$43,450|
|Pratt Institute||Brooklyn, NY||4-year, Private||$46,586|
*Source: NCES, School websites
Top Master's in City Management and Urban Policy Programs
According to the U.S. News website, the following schools were rated the top 10 in city management and urban policy in 2016. Graduate tuition rates are based on the 2015-2016 academic year, and do not include any extra program fees:
|University of Kansas||Lawrence, KS||4-year, Public||$9,029 in-state, $21,120 out-of-state|
|New York University||New York, NY||4-year, Private||$38,592|
|University of Southern California||Los Angeles, CA||4-year, Private||$39,984|
|Arizona State University||Phoenix, AZ||4-year, Public||$10,610 in-state, $27,096 out-of-state|
|University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill||Chapel Hill, NC||4-year, Public||$9,143 in-state, $26,354 out-of-state|
|Northern Illinois University||DeKalb, IL||4-year, Public||$8,176 in-state, $16,352 out-of-state|
|Cleveland State University||Cleveland, OH||4-year, Public||$9,565 in-state, $17,980 out-of-state|
|Florida State University||Tallahassee, FL||4-year, Public||$9,684 in-state, $24,116 out-of-state|
|Georgia State University||Atlanta, GA||4-year, Public||$6,876 in-state, $22,374 out-of-state|
|University of Illinois, Chicago||Chicago, IL||4-year, Public||$13,447 in-state, $22,306 out-of-state|
School Selection Criteria
Students should consider the following when selecting an architecture program:
- Aspiring architects should search for programs that have been accredited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB), which will help them become licensed.
- Students interested in planning should seek a program that has been accredited by the Planning Accreditation Board.
- Architecture programs often incorporate computer-assisted design (CAD) software as a learning tool; students should consider programs that integrate CAD to gain an understanding of common building materials.
- Internships can help an architecture student be best prepared for an architecture licensing exam and prospective employment.
Bachelor's Degree in Architecture
The NAAB requires that bachelor's degree architecture programs be a minimum of 150 credit hours. Design studios are often required to allow students to create projects for assignments and for their portfolios.
Master's Degree in Architecture
For master's degree programs, a minimum of 30 credit hours is required by the NAAB. Professional architects who want to advance to leadership and management positions should consider obtaining a graduate degree. The program typically culminates with the completion of a master's project or thesis.
Bachelor's Degree in Planning
Individuals in these programs learn how to analyze site problems and develop solutions. Subjects covered include urban and neighborhood development, environmental and political considerations and urban geography. Many programs require the completion of an internship.
Master's Degree in Planning
Some schools offer combined master's programs with the business or architecture schools. Master's degree programs in planning focus on areas such as urban development, environmental planning, and communication skills.
In summary, architecture and urban planning are typically two different academic tracks. Undergraduate and graduate degrees are available in both, and the best programs offer hands-on learning opportunities, internships, and licensure exam preparation.