Sewing professionals are needed in many industries, including apparel manufacturing, shoe making and furniture making. It's a challenging career that requires specialized knowledge and skill. Most training and education can be gained on the job, through an apprenticeship or by attending vocational school.
|Career Titles||Tailor||Shoe Worker||Patternmaker||Fabric Mender|
|Required Education||On-the-job training||On-the-job training||On-the-job training||On-the-job training|
|Projected Job Growth (2012-22)||2% decline for tailors, dressmakers and custom sewers*||14% decline for shoe and leather workers and repairers*||25% decline*||10% decline*|
|Median Salary (2013)||$25,590 for tailors, dressmakers and custom sewers*||$25,030 for shoe and leather workers and repairers*||$40,130*||$25,460*|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Sewing Job Descriptions
Sewing professionals work with materials bound together by needle and thread. Apparel workers cut materials and sew them into clothing, while tailors or dressmakers may create custom clothing, alter existing apparel or repair garments for clients. Many jobs are available in the realm of manufacturing, where workers commonly perform specialized tasks in large-scale garment production.
Fabric and apparel patternmakers take a clothing designer's original model and convert it into a pattern that can be laid out on a length of fabric for replication. This work usually involves using computers to outline the parts and draw in details to indicate features like pleats or buttonholes.
Sewing machine operators assemble and repair sewing equipment. They should know techniques for reinforcing seams and attaching buttons, hooks, zippers and other details that go into clothing production.
Employers in the sewing trade prefer to hire those who are at least high school graduates or the equivalent. However, vocational schools and sewing schools offer programs that teach advanced techniques and even business management. Vocational training programs can take anywhere from six months to three years to complete and may prepare students for jobs in the garment business. Classes or degrees in business administration or marketing may also prove useful in the sewing industry. Aspiring sewing professionals may also want to seek out apprenticeships in their area to gain supervised, hands-on experience.
Some schools may offer a professional certificate program. This may give students the opportunity to build their professional portfolios while teaching sewing and alteration techniques for upholstery and window treatments. Sewing certificates may give students the knowledge necessary to help them enter design school. Earning a certificate can take anywhere from 1-2 years while students prepare to become sewing machine operators or apparel sample-makers. Other coursework it may cover:
- Computer-aided design for sewing
- Assembly line machinery
- Leather handbag and shoe repair
People trained in sewing can work in a number of different industries. Generally they create or repair things made of fabric or leather.
Tailors design, create, change and fix clothes. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that sewing and tailoring jobs were expected to decrease 2% from 2012-2022. The BLS also stated that tailors, dressmakers and custom sewers earned a median salary of $25,590 per year as of May 2013.
Shoe workers create and repair shoes and related items, such as luggage, saddles and other leather items. According to the BLS, job positions for these workers will decrease by 14% between 2012 and 2022. Shoe and leather workers and repairers made a median salary of $25,030 as of May 2013. Those working for clothing stores had the highest salaries.
Patternmakers create patterns that clothing and other items can be created from. In addition, they may mark and cut fabric. The BLS predicts that job opportunities for fabric and apparel patternmakers will decrease by 25% between 2012 and 2022. The median wage for patternmakers was $40,130 as of May 2013. Those working in specialized design services generally earn more than other industries.
Fabric menders repair things made of fabric that are not clothes, such as curtains, bedding and outdoor structures. The BLS predicts that, between 2012 and 2022, positions for fabric menders will decrease by 10%. As of May 2013, fabric menders made a median salary of $25,460.