Career Definition for a TV Broadcaster
A career in TV broadcasting offers students such positions as reporters, correspondents and news analysts, also known as newscasters or news anchors. TV broadcasters often work in highly stressful environments, dealing with strict deadlines and research-intensive stories. They are responsible for gathering information, writing and editing broadcast news, educating audiences on political, social and global issues as well as presenting news material in an objective manner. TV broadcasting is a competitive media field that often involves unpredictable hours, heavily researched material and little preparation time.
|Education||Bachelor's degree in journalism, mass communications or related field; requires internship or related work in news media outlet|
|Job Duties||Gathering information; writing, editing, preparing and presenting broadcast news stories; educating audiences on political, social and global issues|
|Median Salary (2015)|| $36,360 (reporters and correspondents)
$65,530 (broadcast news analysts)
|Job Outlook (2014-2024)||-9% (reporters, correspondents and broadcast news analysts)|
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Most TV broadcasting careers require a bachelor's degree in journalism, mass communications or a related field. In addition to a 4-year degree, many careers require field experience, usually an internship or related work with a school's newspaper or news station. Typical courses for these degrees include introduction to news processes, media ethics, history of journalism, news editing and basic news reporting. Although not required, a graduate degree (master's or Ph.D.) in journalism often leads to quicker career advancement.
TV broadcasters are expected to have a thorough understanding of the newsroom process. The skills required include solid word-processing abilities, knowledge of desktop publishing software, the ability to interview and extract information from people and other sources, a solid grasp of basic editing and grammar, knowledge of basic news photography and the ability to gather and present objective, accurate news.
Economic and Career Outlook
In 2015, the median annual salary of reporters and correspondents was $36,360, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Broadcast news analysts had a median annual wage of $65,530 in that year. The BLS expects job opportunities for reporters and correspondents to decline by 8% and those of broadcast news analysts are expected to drop by 13% (www.bls.gov). Larger markets, while offering more exposure, are often saturated with TV broadcasters, making them less accessible to beginners. Considering the trends in today's media, more opportunities will arise in smaller, regional markets and online publications.
Alternative Career Options
Similar career choices within this field include:
Radio and Television Announcer
As of May 2015, according to BLS, radio and television announcers earned a median annual income of $30,960. Many announcers have a bachelor's degree in a field such as journalism or communication. Whether on the radio or television, announcers present the news, sports and music, read scripts and announce information about programming. BLS reported a 14% decline in jobs for this group from 2014 to 2024.
These workers are responsible for the operation of technical equipment for radio or television programs. A vocational certificate or an associate's degree is the most common education requirements. Between 2014 and 2024, employment of broadcast technicians is expected to increase by 7%, according to the BLS, which had also reported that the median income for technicians as of May 2015 was $37,490.