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Wildlife rehabilitators require little formal education. Learn about the training, job duties and certification requirements to see if this is the right career for you.
Wildlife rehabilitators are responsible for nursing sick, abandoned and injured animals to prepare them for release back into the wild. Most positions are available at rehabilitation centers located in densely populated areas and may be voluntary or unpaid. There are typically no formal education requirements for this career, although some employers may prefer a high school diploma. These professionals are usually required to have state and federal permits; however, voluntary professional certification is also available.
|Required Education||Usually none, a high school diploma preferred|
|Other Requirements||Voluntary certification available; permits may also need to be obtained through state or U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service|
|Projected Job Growth (2012-2022)*||15% for broad field of animal care and service workers|
|Median Salary (2013)*||$19,910 for nonfarm animal caretakers|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
According to the National Wildlife Rehabilitators Association (NWRA), typical duties may include feeding, cleaning cages, record keeping, accounting, fundraising, answering phone calls about injured animals and educating the public (www.nwrawildlife.org). Wildlife rehabilitators may also catch and transport injured animals, arrange veterinary care and perform euthanasia. They may have to contact government officials if they identify wild animals that are on the threatened or endangered species list. Those in supervisory positions are typically responsible for managing staff and volunteers.
Because state or federal laws typically protect wild animals, most wildlife rehabilitators need to have the proper permits. Requirements vary by state and may include completion of a training or mentorship program followed by a written or oral exam. Wildlife rehabilitators who wish to work with federally protected birds must acquire a permit through the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Voluntary certification is also available through the International Wildlife Rehabilitation Council (www.cwrexam.org). Candidates for the Certified Wildlife Rehabilitator (CWR) must successfully pass the CWR exam and do not need to meet any prerequisites. The CWR credential is good for two years and completion of continuing education coursework is required for recertification.
In some states, wildlife rehabilitators work on a volunteer basis and do not get paid. Wildlife rehabilitators may even have to pay for their own supplies and equipment, according to the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management (www.dem.ri.gov). The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported a median annual salary of $19,910 in May 2013 for nonfarm animal caretakers, which may include wildlife rehabilitators (www.bls.gov).
The BLS projected that employment of animal care and service workers would increase 15% from 2012-2022. The majority of wildlife rehabilitator jobs are found in heavily populated areas, according to the NWRA. Large wildlife rehabilitation facilities tend to be located where human-wildlife interactions are the most common.