Jobs that Use Imaginary & Complex Numbers

There is an assortment of jobs that involves using imaginary and complex numbers. Individuals who pursue careers that include using mathematics and science will most likely need to know how to use imaginary and complex numbers.

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Career Options Involving Imaginary and Complex Numbers

In mathematics, imaginary and complex numbers are two advanced mathematical concepts. Imaginary numbers use the unit of 'i,' while real numbers use '1,' and complex numbers combine both real and imaginary numbers for use in a variety of mathematical calculations. There are several career paths in which using imaginary and complex numbers would be required, usually within the math and science fields, and we will discuss a few career options that involve working with these types of numbers, below.

Job Title Median Salary (2016)* Job Growth (2014-2024)*
Electrical Engineer $94,210 1%
Mathematician $105,810 21%
Physicist $115,870 8%
Statistician $80,500 34%
Software Developer $102,280 17%

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

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Career Information for Jobs that Involve Imaginary and Complex Numbers

Electrical Engineer

Electrical engineers develop and create different types of electrical equipment for a variety of industries, from automotive to communications. These engineers must be highly skilled in mathematics, which includes having an advanced understanding of how to use imaginary and complex numbers, as they are required in the course of making plans for new equipment. They also often perform mathematical calculations to make sure their plans are accurate and that the resulting products will function correctly. To become an electrical engineer, you need a bachelor's degree.


Mathematicians may be the most obvious choice for a career that involves imaginary and complex numbers. They perform work in a number of different industries, from scientific fields to the federal government to research. Mathematicians may also incorporate different mathematical theories or work to create new ones, and regardless of their specific roles, they will often work with imaginary and complex numbers. To become a mathematician, you will usually need at least a master's degree in mathematics.


Physicists are experts in the study of matter, energy, time, and space. They study the fundamental properties that make up everything in the universe, from the smallest atom to the largest galaxy. Much of their work involves performing advanced mathematical calculations, which could involve working with imaginary and complex numbers. To become a physicist, you will usually need a Ph.D. in the field.


Statisticians work to solve problems in the real world by collecting data through surveys, polls, and questionnaires. They then use various statistical analysis methods to analyze the data and arrive at conclusions. They must have a high level understanding of math and statistics, including the ability to work with imaginary and complex numbers in their data analysis. To become a statistician, you will usually need at least a master's degree in a mathematically related field.

Software Developer

Software developers are the minds behind the creation and development of different applications and systems software. These professionals work with clients to understand the purpose of the software and how it will be used. Depending on the type of software, they may need to use imaginary and complex numbers when writing code and different algorithms that help the software run correctly. To become a software developer, you will need a bachelor's degree in a field like computer science.

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