Career Options for Medical Jobs in the Military
In and out of combat, medical jobs benefit members of the military in countless ways. Those in the line of duty may require immediate treatment after sustaining an injury, and their family members can benefit from service with outpatient care. An array of careers are available for those who wish to practice medicine in the military, many of which are listed below:
|Job Title||Median Salary (2016)*||Job Growth (2014-2024)*|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
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Career Information for Medical Jobs in the Military
Audiologists are responsible for the treatment of hearing and ear problems, which military veterans may suffer from after exposure to prolonged periods of explosions and gunfire. After performing initial examinations, audiologists can fit patients with hearing aids if needed, and provide education on hearing loss prevention methods. Those who wish to become an audiologist must obtain a doctoral degree in audiology, commonly known as an Au.D.
Members of the military rely on their eyesight to make informed decisions, and optometrists ensure that the eyesight of soldiers remains as close to perfect as possible. Optometrists issue prescriptions for visual aids, and if their state allows it, they can also prescribe medication. If symptoms of diseases that affect other parts of the body present in the eye, optometrists will refer their patients to specialty physicians. Optometrists need to have a doctoral degree in optometry to practice, along with a license.
Working directly under a team of physicians or surgeons, physician assistants provide direct care for members of the military and their families. A physician assistant can give a diagnosis for an injury or illness and order tests for further treatment of a patient. A variety of specialty areas exist for physician assistants, including psychiatry and emergency medicine. Along with a mandatory license, physician assistants are required to have a master's degree.
Psychologists help patients deal with the emotional and mental stress of military life. Psychologists work by predicting the behavior of their patients and contributing research to the field in order to improve the quality of life for those who need psychological treatment. Psychologists can work in a number of different specialty areas, including counseling, clinical, and social. A master's degree can sometimes be enough to work as a psychologist, but most of the time, a doctorate is needed.
Nurses are some of the first respondents to military members injured in the line of duty, as well as those who might be seen in clinics that treat veterans and their family members. Registered nurses take initial assessments of patients, report their findings to physicians, and are also responsible for the operation of certain types of medical equipment and devices. Several different educational paths are available for registered nurses: an approved diploma program, an associate degree, or a Bachelor of Science in Nursing.
Four-legged soldiers need care as well, and veterinarians in the military ensure that canines are properly treated. Veterinarians diagnose injuries and illnesses in animals, and they can perform surgery when it is needed. They also utilize medical and diagnostic imagining devices, issue medication, and discuss aftercare procedures with animal owners. Veterinarians need a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree in order to practice, as well as a license in their state.