Barber courses preparing graduates for state licensing board examinations are offered at community colleges, cosmetology schools and barber colleges. Students can choose to earn a diploma, certificate or associate's degree in barbering. All of these programs are designed to comply with state regulations that require 1000-1,500 hours of instruction and experience, depending on the state. Most courses are offered in combined laboratory-classroom settings, so students may learn hair styling and beard care by demonstration, hands-on practice and instructor guidance. Students may also take a course that helps them prepare for barber licensing exams.
Common concepts covered in these classes include:
- Safe and sanitary tools
- Hair and scalp health
- Hair textures and weights
- Cuts and styles
- Facial hair care and conditioning
- Customer service and professional ethics
- Product knowledge
List of Courses
Hair and Scalp Care Course
Students learn how to evaluate the hair and scalp and identify possible disorders. Instruction covers various types of hair, shampoos and scalp treatment. Proper techniques of scalp massage, hygiene, shampooing and draping are taught. Students also learn which shampoo and rinse products to use on different types of hair.
Cutting and Styling Men's Hair Course
This course focuses on the special styles and issues associated with men's haircuts. Students learn to analyze growth patterns of head and facial hair. Beard and mustache trims, crew cuts and flat tops are covered. Specific techniques such as clipper cutting, razor cutting, clipper-over-comb and shear-over-comb are also taught.
Hair Coloring Introductory Course
The curriculum covers the principles of color theory and chemistry as they relate to hair. Coloring safety precautions, analysis of scalp and hair, coloring correction and techniques for using hydrogen peroxide are discussed, along with methods of hair coloring and lightening. Students work on models to practice hair coloring and lightening, learning to use various chemicals and products.
Facial Hair Design and Shaving Course
This course introduces the basic principles of beard and mustache shaving and design. Students begin with instruction in skin analysis, hair texture and grain of facial hair. Instruction and demonstration of standard cutting strokes and positions is provided. The rest of the course is dedicated to techniques in beard and mustache design and trimming. Shaving and after-shaving products are discussed.
Customer Relations and Management Course
This course instructs students in salon and barbershop management and successful customer interaction. Specific areas may include retail marketing, advertising and job search skills.