Building Inspector Training Programs and Requirements
Building inspectors do not traditionally need advanced education, but college coursework can provide essential training in construction and building codes and is attractive to employers. Learn about the training, job duties and licensing to see if this is the right career for you.
Certificate and degree programs offering courses in building inspection are available for building inspectors who wish to gain experience and a foundation in the field. Although employers do not require a degree for building inspectors, this education, plus work experience, can be helpful in attaining employment.
Building inspectors are responsible for examining residential and commercial buildings. They inspect plumbing, electrical, mechanical and structural systems and ensure buildings meet strict codes and safety regulations. Building inspectors typically have some postsecondary education and several years of inspection or construction experience. In many states, they are required to be licensed or certified.
|Required Education||Degree or classes in inspection and construction|
|Other Requirements||Building inspection certification and state licensing|
|Projected Growth (2012-2022)*||8%|
|Average Salary (2013)*||$57,340|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Building Inspector Training Information
Although applicants with a high school diploma may be hired, most employers prefer individuals who possess a degree or who have completed classes in building inspection, home inspection or construction science, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, or BLS (www.bls.gov). Some entry-level positions offer on-the-job training and most building inspectors are required to have inspection experience prior to employment.
Building Inspection Certificate
A building inspection certificate program provides students with a basic foundation of inspection knowledge. Most programs require one or two semesters of study, during which students learn how to effectively analyze building and record code violations. These programs allow students to participate in simulated building inspections to gain real-world experience. Typical courses include field, mechanical and electrical inspections, energy conservation in construction and study of international building codes. Other courses may include inspection of masonry or concrete and construction materials.
Licenses and Certifications
Many states require building inspectors to be licensed or certified. Many employers prefer building inspectors to be certified by the International Code Council (ICC), which offers certifications for residential, commercial and combination building inspectors. Each certification requires inspectors to pass a comprehensive inspection exam.
Building inspectors may become certified building officials, certified commercial inspectors, certified residential inspectors and certified specialty inspectors. Certification is also available in code enforcement, fire safety and building plans examination.
Building inspectors must be licensed by the state where they are employed. Some states require that building inspectors become registered inspectors by completion of a state-sponsored fire code and safety program.
Employment Outlook and Salary Info
The BLS reported that construction and building inspectors are projected to experience average job growth from 2014-2024 at a rate of about 8%. Additionally, these workers' average salary was $57,340, as of May 2015.
Building Inspector Education Requirements
Educational requirements for building inspectors vary by employer. Some do not require an education beyond high school, but college-level courses give students valuable technical knowledge about building codes, construction safety and proper building inspection. There are certificate and degree programs available for individuals who want to train to become a building inspector.
Associate of Science in Building Inspection Technology
Students looking for a more comprehensive educational program may enroll in an associate's degree program in building inspection technology. These programs introduce students to advanced inspection strategies for commercial and residential buildings, electrical systems and fire safety equipment. Individuals gain a greater understanding of building structures and mechanical operations, while they also become proficient in building inspection techniques. Program coursework typically includes fire and life safety standards, soil studies, wastewater control and building plan review.
A certificate in building inspection or an associate's degree in building inspection technology are two options for building inspectors to increase their experience in their field of work. Certification programs are also available for residential, commercial and specialty inspectors. To begin work, state licensure is mandatory and completion of a state-sponsored fire code and safety program may be required.