Cartography degree programs are available at both the bachelor's and master's degree levels. Master's programs are usually more specialized, and concentrations may be available in geographic information systems or human geography. Applicants to master's programs without an undergraduate cartography background may need to complete some prerequisite coursework before enrolling.
A high school diploma or its equivalent is required for the bachelor's program, which typically takes four years. Most programs also require the submission of ACT or SAT scores.The master's program typically takes two years. Cartographers are often required to be certified as surveyors upon entering the work force. Some courses may also be available online.
Bachelor's Degree in Cartography
Students interested in cartography either major in cartography or pursue a degree in geography or surveying. These programs incorporate extensive hands-on laboratory experience with lecture-based classroom courses. Cartography programs provide technical training using tools employed by government and private sector cartographers. Students learn about remote sensing, spatial graphics software and global positioning systems. Cartography programs are usually available through 4-year colleges and universities.
In cartography bachelor's degree programs, students take classroom and laboratory-based courses covering career-focused skills for data analysis and mapmaking. These include:
- Introduction to cartography
- Foundational geography
- Remote sensing
- Human geography
- Computer mapping
- Earth science
Master's Degree in Cartography
In cartography master's degree programs, students are trained to compile, display and analyze data through research and practical experience. Some programs offer a specialization, such as human geography, physical geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Cartography master's degree programs typically require two years of study to complete.
Coursework provides students with a foundational understanding of the tools and methods used in the field and opportunities for specialized study. Common courses include the following:
- History of cartography
- Advanced geography
- Geographic Information Systems
- Remote sensing
- Graphic design in cartography
- GIS Modeling
Popular Career Options
Graduates of master's degree programs in cartography are prepared for many careers. In addition to becoming a cartographer, popular career options include:
- Land surveyor
- Civil engineer
- Real estate appraiser
- Zoning inspector
Employment Outlook and Salary Information
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (www.bls.gov), cartographers held approximately 12,300 jobs in 2014. As of May 2015, cartographers earned a median annual salary of $61,880. Employment of cartographers and similar professionals, such as photogrammetrists, is expected to grow 29% between 2014 and 2024. This projected growth is attributable to the expanding use of accurate and current geographic information in marketing, disaster response planning, urban design and construction.
Continuing Education and Certification Information
Only a bachelor's or master's degree is required for most jobs in cartography. Those interested in teaching, research or further education can pursue a Ph.D. in a related field, such as geography. Many states require cartographers to be licensed as surveyors. Licensure requires passing a series of written exams administered by the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES).
Aspiring cartographers can find both bachelor's and master's degree programs to apply to, with curriculum looking at various considerations of human geography and mapping. Upon graduating, students can seek careers in cartography as well as land surveying, civil engineering, and more.