Programs for aspiring certified nursing assistants combine lectures with practical experiences and may last 6-18 weeks. Individuals interested in a CNA program may be required to attend an orientation session and complete prerequisite courses to be considered for admission. Depending on the school, students may also need to complete an interview. In addition, applicants may be asked to provide proof of current immunizations, negative TB tests and current CPR certification.
American River College
American River College in Santa Clara has a nurse assistant training program that limits its class size to 15 students. Before students can begin this program, they must attend a mandatory orientation session. By combining theory knowledge with hands-on clinical training, students learn to care for and assist patients with their daily care needs. Topics of study include infection control, patient care skills, residents' rights and effective communication. Applicants must take a required English class or show proof of a completed assessment test.
Located in Bakersfield, this school offers a six-unit nursing assistant program. Students learn to collect specimens, take and document vital signs, document patient information and perform basic hygiene on patients. Other topics of study include residents' rights, healthcare safety and the role of the caregiver. Upon completion of all training, students are prepared to take the American Red Cross competency exam for CNAs. Students must provide valid social security cards.
College of the Sequoias
Visalia-based College of the Sequoias has a nursing assistant program that prepares students to work in nursing homes, hospitals, long-term care facilities and home care settings. The nursing assistant program consists of one course, which integrates classroom discussions and lectures with lab studies. Students who successfully complete this course can sit for the state nurse assistant certification exam. Applicants must provide proof of current immunizations, negative TB tests and current CPR certification. The college's Student Services division offers various programs to help students reach their career goals, including work study, student employment and a First Year Experience program.
Hacienda La Puente Education Center
Located in La Puente, this education center offers a nurse assistant - CNA program at its Willow Center. The 480-hour program provides students with the knowledge and skills to work in long-term hospital facilities and to obtain the credential of CNA. To be eligible for enrollment in this program, a student must first complete the caregiver certification course, which entails at least 60 hours of training. Selection for both of these courses is based on a written and oral interview. Hacienda La Puente Education Center's Student Services department offers services such as career counseling, assessment screening and job placement.
The CNA program at MiraCosta College in Oceanside admits students on a first-enrolled, first-admitted basis. Additionally, students must enroll in Nursing 160 to be considered for admission. Other prerequisites are completion of an English course (or passing an English placement test) and proof of CPR certification. MiraCosta College offers students this program in two formats. One option, which is offered twice a semester, has students completing coursework 23 hours a week in an accelerated eight-week program. The second option has students completing coursework 32 hours a week for six weeks during the summer. The curriculum consists of 79 hours of theory and 105 hours spent in long-term care facilities obtaining hands-on training. The college also offers an eight-week HHA class for CNAs who want to expand their knowledge and career options.
Pasadena City College
The five-credit hour nursing assistant program at this Pasadena-based school lasts six weeks and trains the aspiring CNA to work with patients as part of a healthcare team. Students complete 54 hours in the classroom covering the basic principles of nursing and 108 clinical hours gaining hands-on experience. This class, offered during the winter and summer semesters, is graded on a pass or no pass basis. Applicants must be at least 16 years old and qualified to perform CPR by the American Heart Association.
Rio Hondo College
Whittier-based Rio Hondo College offers a nursing assistant pre-certification program that prepares students to care for geriatric patients in long-term care facilities. Applicants must complete reading assessment tests, be at least 16 years old and have a valid social security number. The one-semester, 16-week program consists of 64 hours of theory-based courses and 120 hours of clinical education. Topics of study include patient care skills, emergency care procedures, patient rights, medical and surgical asepsis, vital signs, death and dying, patient care procedures and long-term care patients.
San Diego Continuing Education
This continuing education center in San Diego offers a 260-hour nursing assistant program that students can complete in anywhere from eight weeks to 18 weeks. Through a blended curriculum of lectures and hands-on training, students learn to provide patients with daily care, such as bathing, feeding and assisting with other needs. Other topics of study include medical/surgical asepsis, vital signs, weights and measures, communication and interpersonal skills, long-term care residents, death and dying and rehabilitative care. CNAs who wish to further their studies can enroll in the school's 50-hour HHA program, which can be completed in two weeks.
To work as a certified nursing assistant or aide (CNA) in California, an individual must complete a state-approved nurse assistant training program that includes at least 100 hours of supervised clinical training and 50 hours of classroom instruction. Students must also pass the National Nurse Aide Assessment Program (NNAAP) examination. The exam consists of an oral or written test and a hands-on practical examination.
California also requires that prospective CNAs pass a physical examination, fingerprint scan and criminal background check prior to certification. Students may also be required to have cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) certification. CNAs must complete 48 hours of continuing education every two years to maintain certification status. The 10 education centers and 2-year colleges outlined below offer state-approved CNA courses or programs that prepare students for the state exam.
School Comparison: At a Glance
|School Name||School Type and Setting||Nursing Assistant Programs Offered||Program Costs (2015-2016)|
|American River College||Two-year, public; large suburb||Nurse assistant program||$46/unit, in-state; $275/unit, out-of-state*|
|Bakersfield College||Two-year, public; rural||Certified nurse assistant program||$1,000 estimated total program cost*|
|College of the Sequoias||Two-year, public; midsize city||Nursing assistant program||$608 - $673*|
|Hacienda La Puente Education Center||< Two-year, public; large suburb||Nurse assistant - CNA program||$1,260 estimated total program cost plus $153 for Caregiver Certification Course*|
|MiraCosta College||Two-year, public; large suburb||Certified nursing assistant program||$600 estimated total program cost for CA residents*|
|Pasadena City College||Two-year, public; midsize city||Certified nursing assistant program||$46/unit, in-state; $200/unit, out-of-state*|
|Rio Hondo College||Two-year, public; large suburb||Nursing assistant pre-certification program||$46/unit, in-state; $211/unit, out-of-state*|
|San Diego Continuing Education||< Two-year, public; large city||Nursing assistant program||Free tuition*|
Source: *Schools' websites.