Cosmetologist Education Requirements and Career Information
Cosmetologists need some formal education. Learn about the training, job duties and licensure requirements to see if this is the right career for you.
Cosmetologists apply various beauty treatments to clients, typically at a salon or wherever they are sought. They work to enhance hair, skin, and nails. Completion of a cosmetology program or apprenticeship is required, which usually prepares students for licensure.
Cosmetology involves the study and practice of beauty treatments, including hairstyling, nail care, skin care and makeup. Depending on his or her interest, a cosmetologist can choose to specialize in one or more of these areas. Cosmetologists must complete some formal training to enter this career field, and all states have licensing requirements for cosmetologists.
|Required Education||Formal training from an accredited cosmetology program or an apprenticeship; programs may lead to a certificate or associate's degree|
|Licensure||Required in all states|
|Job Growth (2014-2024)*||10% for cosmetologists, hairdressers and hairstylists|
|Median Salary (2015)*||$23,660 for cosmetologists, hairdressers and hairstylists|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Cosmetology Career Information
A cosmetologist may wear a number of different professional hats. For example, a cosmetologist may be a hairstylist, barber, perm or hair color specialist, manicurist, pedicurist, make-up artist, esthetician or combination of these roles, sharing the goal of enhancing clients' appearance and style.
A cosmetologist's typical day may consist of any number of duties, including cutting and styling hair, performing scalp massages, applying hair color and other chemical treatments, doing makeup and teaching clients how to perform these treatment and techniques in their own homes.
Experienced and successful cosmetologists with additional administrative skills can go on to work as a salon owner or manager, sales representative or cosmetology school instructor. Other career options for cosmetologists include becoming an image consultant, makeup artist or an independent stylist working with photo shoots, movies, advertisements and fashion shows.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (www.bls.gov), hairstylists, hairdressers and cosmetologists earned an average salary of $13.83 per hour as of May 2015. Most cosmetologists worked in the personal care services industry in that year, and many also worked in department stores, and health and personal care stores. The BLS predicts that job openings for cosmetologists will grow by 10% between 2014 and 2024, which is faster than average.
Specific educational requirements to become a cosmetologist vary by state, but every state requires cosmetologists to hold valid licenses. Generally, graduation from an accredited beauty or cosmetology school satisfies the requirement for licensure as a cosmetologist.
Sometimes an apprenticeship may be substituted for graduation from a cosmetology school for the sake of licensure. In either case, cosmetologists usually need to prove that they have satisfactory knowledge and skills in cosmetology by passing an exam.
During a cosmetology training program, which typically lasts from nine months to a year, students receive instruction on haircutting and styling, chemical texture services, hair color and scalp treatments, manicures and pedicures, acrylic nails application, facials, massages and eyebrow shaping.
Typical courses may include hair and scalp analysis, scalp disorders and diseases, color application techniques, haircutting tools and implements, principles of hair design, chemistry and safety for nail enhancement, massage benefits and techniques, hair removal, safe work practices and cosmetology law. Many curricula also include in-depth instruction on salon management.
Cosmetologists engage in a number of duties, which necessitate prior training through an apprenticeship or degree program leading to licensure or certification. The field as a whole is expected to see faster-than-average employment growth between 2014 and 2024, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.