Physics is the natural science that investigates the most basic components of the universe, namely matter and energy, and their interaction. Read on to learn about education and career options in the field of physics.

Inside Physics

Physics is considered a physical science, along with earth science and chemistry. It involves the study of energy and matter, and their interactions and movement in space and over time. According to the Institute of Physics (IOP), physicists ask questions and then, by conducting experiments and through observation, attempt to formulate answers (www.iop.org). In the field of physics there are many sub-fields, including particle physics, nuclear physics and atomic physics. There are also interdisciplinary specializations, such as astrophysics, biophysics and medical physics.

Advanced degrees in physics are important credentials for most of the jobs available to physicists. Within a given degree program, specialization occurs as the result of topics covered in course material and the work done towards the master's thesis or Ph.D. dissertation. For work in research and postsecondary academia, an advanced degree, most often a Ph.D., but also occasionally a master's degree, is required. Teaching in secondary school usually requires a bachelor's or master's degree in physics, plus whatever certification is required by the state of residence. Read the articles listed below for more details about degree programs in this field.

Specialization Options

Physics Related Articles

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