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College for Doctors: List of Medical Schools in the U.S.

To become a physician or surgeon, individuals must go through many years of medical school and clinical study. Find out more about how to choose a medical school, including important considerations, below. Also, find a table with the largest medical schools in the U.S., based on enrollment.

How to Select a Medical School

Doctoral-level medical degrees include Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) and Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) programs. These degree programs are found specifically in medical schools that are usually part of 4-year universities or colleges.

Summary of Important Considerations

  • School accreditation
  • Financial aid options
  • School or program rankings or awards
  • Residency options

Medical School Accreditation

When considering medical school, prospective students should look for programs that are accredited. For an M.D. program, the accrediting agency is the Liaison Committee on Medical Education. D.O. programs are accredited by the American Osteopathic Association. Both of these agencies and degrees are recognized universally in the United States and within the broader medical field. Accreditation assures the programs meets the education standards to prepare students for state licensure.

Financial Aid Options

Many new doctors come out of school in heavy debt. In fact, 85% of public medical school graduates and 86% of private medical school graduates are in debt upon graduation, according to the Association of American Medical Colleges. Therefore, students researching medical schools may want to find one that not only challenges them academically, but offers financial aid. Aid can come in the form of government grants and private loan programs; most public schools offer government financial aid programs, but not all private schools do.

Rankings or Awards

Prospective doctors and surgeons should also consider a medical school's awards and rankings, such as the annual list compiled by U.S. News and World Report. Rankings are available for both the overall school and individual programs or specialties. Students should consider both when selecting their medical school.

Residency Options

Residency programs and teaching hospitals are also important to consider when selecting a med school. Medical residencies, which take place after the first four years of academic and clinical work, are available in multiple specialties; a prospective student should make sure the school has a strong program in the specialization in which he or she is interested, such as cardiology, pediatrics and anesthesiology. This information can often be found on the school's website.

Largest Medical Schools in the U.S. by Overall Student Enrollment

All of the colleges and universities listed below have medical schools that primarily offer M.D. programs.

College/University Student Population Institution Type
Arizona State University 67,082 4-year, Public
Ohio State University - Main Campus 53,715 4-year, Public
University of Florida 51,474 4-year, Public
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities 51,140 4-year, Public
University of Central Florida 50,121 4-year, Public
The University of Texas at Austin 49,984 4-year, Public
Texas A & M University 48,039 4-year, Public
Michigan State University 46,510 4-year, Public
University of South Florida 46,189 4-year, Public
Pennsylvania State University - Main Campus 44,406 4-year, Public
University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign 43,246 4-year, Public
New York University 42,189 4-year, Private not-for-profit
University of Wisconsin - Madison 41,620 4-year, Public
University of Michigan - Ann Arbor 41,028 4-year, Public
Indiana University - Bloomington 40,354 4-year, Public
University of Washington - Seattle Campus 39,675 4-year, Public
Florida International University 38,759 4-year, Public
Florida State University 38,682 4-year, Public
University of California - Los Angeles 38,220 4-year, Public

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