Drug Counseling School and College Program Information
Find out about the various levels of study available relating to drug counseling. Learn what the prerequisites and coursework are for each program, as well as continuing education and career options. Also read employment outlook and salary information for professionals in this field.
Drug counseling, also known as alcohol, substance abuse or addiction counseling, has greater training requirements than other kinds of counseling. The most common requirement is a certificate, but bachelor's and master's degrees are also widely available. Students of these programs will learn behavior modification techniques, evaluation methods, treatment options and prevention strategies. Higher levels of study provide courses in counseling theories, case management and clinical supervisory practices.
Aspiring counselors should learn their state's requirements for the job. Some private sector employers have their own requirements. All education levels require completion of a supervised professional experience.
Certificate in Drug Counseling
Students interested in drug counseling certificates should know that the terms 'certificate' and 'certification' are often used interchangeably. However, a certificate is an award for completing an academic program, while a certification is a label given to a professional to prove that he or she is an expert in a specific area in his or her profession and usually requires at least a bachelor's degree. Certificates in addiction counseling can require anywhere from 10 to 26 or more classes, usually a year or less. However, the more classes that are taken, the more job opportunities are likely to be available.
Most schools require proof of high school graduation or GED certification, as well as ACT or SAT scores. The classes taken should be those taken for most college prep programs.
There are many course requirements for the drug counseling certificates, but few stand out as being a general requirement. Some of those that do are:
- Pharmacology of alcohol and drug abuse
- Individual counseling
- Group counseling
- Family counseling
- Substance abuse and HIV
Employment Outlook and Salary Info
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (www.bls.gov) expects that jobs for behavioral disorder and substance abuse counselors will increase by 27% between 2010 and 2020, which is faster than average growth in comparison to all occupations. This is partly because drug abusers are being sent to counseling rather than jail much more often than in the past. The median salary in May 2012 for these counselors was $38,520.
Continuing Education Information
For the addictions counselor who wants to climb the career ladder, the next step to work towards an associate degree. Beyond that is the bachelor's degree, possibly a graduate certificate and finally a master's degree. Anything after that would require becoming a licensed psychologist. Professional certifications include Certified Addiction Professional (CAP), Certified Addiction Counselor (CAC) and Certified Addiction Specialist (CAS). Some states have licensure for addictions counselors.
Associate's Degrees in Drug Counseling
An associate's degree is two years in length and carries a little more professional weight than a certificate. Some colleges require that a student attends an orientation program for alcohol and drug abuse counseling before they declare that major.
Courses in the associate's degree program include:
- Substance abuse principles
- Motivational interviewing
- Lifespan psychological development
- Counseling theories
- Behavior modification
- Treatment environments evaluation
Popular Career Options
Entry level jobs in substance abuse counseling, in settings such as hospitals, schools and prevention programs, include:
- Entry-level counselor
- Case manager
- Human resources personnel
Bachelor's Degrees in Drug Counseling
A bachelor's degree in substance abuse counseling, sometimes called a bachelor's degree in addiction studies, should take four years to complete, but will lead to better paying jobs than those with only a 2-year associate degree.
The curriculum expands from the associate's degree program into further methods for identifying substance abuse, as well as intervention, prevention and treatment. A bachelor's degree opens up more jobs that involve actual counseling. However, many who choose to earn a bachelor's degree route do so in order to prepare for a master's degree program and eventually become a licensed counselor.
Students in a bachelor's degree program in drug counseling can expect to study:
- Models in psychotherapy
- Prevention strategies
- Diagnostic evaluations
- Case management
- Co-occurring disorders
- Family dynamics
Graduate Certificate in Alcohol and Drug Counseling
The focus of a graduate certificate in drug counseling varies significantly from college to college. Some programs are designed for those are already working in some substance abuse setting, whether education, intervention or prevention, with a goal of preparing them for further positions in the field of addictions.
Other programs are for professionals who have a degree in a different field and who wish to become drug and alcohol abuse counselors These programs tend to be interdisciplinary, involving psychology, social work, public health and criminal justice disciplines and may take one to two years to complete.
Graduate certificate programs in addiction studies require a bachelor's degree. The degree may be in any field.
Coursework for graduate certificates cover the same topics as undergraduate certificates, but the courses are generally more intense and go into more depth. They might include:
- Screening and assessment
- Violence prevention
- Case management
- Clinical supervision
- Counseling approaches
- Psychopharmacology of abused drugs
Master's Degrees in Addictions and Drug Counseling
Master's degrees in drug counseling are designed to allow graduates to become licensed substance abuse counselors. However, not all states have a license specific to addictions counseling Residents of those states would need to pursue a more general counseling program and licensure. A master's degree usually takes two years beyond the prerequisite bachelor's degree.
Many of the courses for the master's degree cover the same general topics as courses in a bachelor's program, but with more detail. Courses may include:
- Counseling ethics
- Theories of counseling
- Cultural diversity issues
- Family issues and dynamics
- Assessment measures
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