Electricity Engineering Degree Program Information
Learn about degree programs in the field of electricity engineering, more commonly referred to as electrical engineering. Get information on program requirements and career information for each degree level.
Electrical engineering includes the study of electronics, electromagnetic fields and electrical control systems. Degrees in the field are available at the bachelor's, master's, and doctoral levels. A bachelor's degree is typically enough to prepare graduates for entry-level work in the electrical engineering field, though a master's or doctoral degree can also prepare graduates to work in academia, research, development or management.
Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering
Electrical engineering primarily uses math and physics concepts to develop electrical systems and devices. Some of these systems include power generation, fiber optic data transmission, radar and medical image processing. Some students in electricity engineering degree programs may specialize in areas such as computer technology, integrated media systems, telecommunications or aerospace systems. Students need a high school diploma or equivalent in order to enroll in a bachelor's degree program.
Electrical engineering courses cover math, physics and engineering. Most universities also require undergraduates to complete general education requirements. Coursework covers topics including:
- Electrical engineering
- Data processing logic
- Electrical systems
- Linear technology
- Probability and statistics
- Differential equations
- Probabilistic systems
- Feedback control systems
Popular Career Options
Although graduates of electrical engineering programs can become electrical engineers, they can also work as:
- Application engineers
- Engineering construction specialists
- Radio frequency engineers
- Systems engineers
Master of Science in Electrical Engineering
Master's degree students typically specialize in a single area of electrical engineering, studying the topic more in-depth and preparing for upper-level jobs. Specializations include photonics or signal processing and communications.
To be accepted into a master's degree in electrical engineering program, a student must have a bachelor's degree from an accredited university. Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores are usually required. Students who have GRE scores that do not meet minimum requirements may be accepted with the stipulation that extra courses be taken to correct the deficiency.
Coursework will vary according to the specialization chosen. Courses may cover:
- Advanced probability and statistics
- Computer networks
- Project management systems
- Stochastic processes in engineering
- Computational techniques in electrical engineering
- Semiconductor sensors and actuators
- Mobile communications
- Optical communications
- Satellite communications
- Quantum electronics
Popular Career Options
Master's degree in electrical engineering graduates can find upper-level jobs as:
- Systems design engineers
- Software engineers
- Research engineers
- Reliability engineers
- Project engineers
- Development engineers
- Design engineers
Doctor of Philosophy in Electrical Engineering
Engineering Ph.D. students work closely with an advisor and tailor a program of study to meet students' goals. A variety of specializations may be pursued. Concentrations include communications, robotics, photonics, electromagnetics and VLSI design. Many graduates of doctoral degree programs look for work as professors of electrical engineering.
Prerequisites for a doctoral degree in electrical engineering can include master's and bachelor's degrees in electrical engineering or a closely related curriculum. Other possible prerequisites include a passing score on the Electrical Engineering Qualifying Examination as well as definite research and career goals.
Most coursework in a Ph.D. program consists of independent study, research and a dissertation. Any actual coursework will cover specific engineering topics in-depth and may be in seminar format. Some possible courses are:
- Microwave engineering
- Antenna analysis and design
- Transform methods
- Advanced semiconductor devices
- Image processing
- Optimal estimation for control
- Neural networks
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