An elementary school principal oversees the entire operation of a school and is responsible for a broad range of activities such as budgeting, mentoring teachers, and disciplining students. Elementary school principals usually start out as teachers and gradually take on increasing administrative duties. Their first qualification is as a teacher. They usually need further education and experience to qualify as a principal.
Elementary school principals oversee the operation of their learning institutions. Some of the duties they perform include mentoring teachers, disciplining students, keeping the school secure and managing the school's budget. They are typically former teachers with a range of experience in teaching and administration within the elementary school system. Principals typically need at least a master's degree in educational leadership or educational administration. They also need to obtain principal licensure in their state.
|Required Education||Master's degree in educational leadership or administration|
|Other Requirements||State licensure required in most states|
|Projected Job Growth (2014-2024)||6% for elementary and secondary school principals*|
|Median Salary (May 2015)||$90,410 for elementary school principals*|
Sources: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Elementary School Principal Training Requirements
Elementary school principals typically start out teaching, then work their way up the ranks to principal. This means that most elementary school principals have a bachelor's degree, typically in education. They must then complete additional training to fulfill all requisites for a teaching license (these vary by state).
Those desiring to become an elementary school principal typically complete a master's degree in educational leadership or educational administration.
Master's in Educational Administration
Educational administration programs analyze schools as organizations. Subspecialties are often offered within this field; for example, elementary principals may wish to specialize in elementary school education. Universities might offer a Master of Science, Master of Arts or Master of Education.
M.A. and M.S. programs typically focus on research and research methods, while M.Ed. programs focus on coursework and policy. M.Ed. programs are often aimed at teachers who are already teaching in the field but wish to obtain leadership positions in education.
Master's in Educational Leadership
Students can choose from an M.S., M.A. or M.Ed. in Educational Leadership. Those studying educational leadership are able to focus on policy, theory, leadership skills and the practice of teaching. Students can choose to enhance teaching skills or focus exclusively on administration and leadership. Master's degree candidates in this field also study decision-making, ethics and teacher leadership.
All elementary school principals must be licensed by the state where they will be employed. Because most principals start out as teachers, elementary school principals may have some licensing requirements already filled. Most elementary school principals, however, will also need to be licensed as school administrators; requirements vary by state.
Principals, just like teachers, usually take continuing education requirements to stay current on teaching and administrative licenses. Continuing education requirements vary by state, but usually involve taking online courses or attending seminars on current topics within education.
Elementary school principals are often expected to possess a master's degree or other advanced degree in an area such as educational leadership or a related field. Some states also require that principals possess a specific principal license.