Hospice Care Degree Program Information
Hospice care, or palliative care, is a field of healthcare that focuses on the reduction of symptoms and suffering for terminally ill patients. There are a few specific hospice care degrees, but most hospice nurses simply earn a 2-year associate's or 4-year bachelor's degree in nursing.
In both types of nursing programs, students complete general education courses, as well as nursing courses such as human development, microbiology and anatomy. There are extensive clinical requirements that give the student nurses practice at area healthcare facilities. Working with end-of-life patients is often part of this experience. Nurses must pass a licensing exam in order to practice.
- Program Levels in Hospice Care: Associate's degrees in nursing, bachelor's degrees nursing.
- Prerequisites: High school diploma or GED, CPR certification, pass a background check and drug screening, submission of SAT or ACT scores.
- Experiential Learning: Clinical work.
- Other Requirements: Professional licensing exam, additional two years of nursing experience.
- Program Lengths: Two years or four years, depending on the program.
- Online Availability: Online courses and programs are available.
Associate's Degree Programs in Nursing
These programs lead to general nursing degrees and qualify graduates to work in hospice care facilities. The curriculum covers healthcare technology, patient care and clinical decisions. Students learn about monitoring and diagnosing patients and working with other medical professionals. Graduates are eligible to sit for the National Council Licensure Exam (NCLEX) to become registered nurses (RNs). Clinical hours and lectures give students a balanced education in field experience and theory. Common class topics are:
- Anatomy and physiology
- Human development and growth
- Family nursing
- Nursing internship
Bachelor's Degree Programs in Nursing
Universities have programs in general nursing, but a few also have hospice care degrees. Both tracks allow students to take courses in hospice care. Students learn to meet the emotional and physical needs of terminally ill patients and their families. Nurses are prepared to manage pain and symptoms and deal with the ethical dilemmas associated with hospice care. These programs prepare graduates to pass the NCLEX. Students learn to work with terminally ill patients and focus on their comfort. Course subjects include:
- Adult healthcare
- Clinical practice
- Geriatric nursing
- Life span development
- Wellness and self-help
Popular Career Options
Hospice care workers try to make terminal patients as comfortable as possible and gain a lot of experience on-the-job. Some positions are:
- Hospice nurse
- Hospice home health aide
- Hospice RN case manager
Employment Outlook and Salary Information
The need for home health aides, including hospice care workers, is expected to grow by 48% between 2012 and 2022, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (www.bls.gov). As of May 2014, the BLS reported that the mean annual wage for registered nurses working in home health care was $67,880.
Continuing Education Information
Hospice workers must be certified in addition to being registered nurses. They need to have at least two years of nursing experience to take an exam distributed by the National Board for the Certification of Hospice Nurses. Nursing students may go on to earn master's degrees in nursing in order to become specialists, such as physician's assistants or nurse anesthetists.