Training programs for hospital work, such as surgical or medical technology or phlebotomy, are offered through hospitals and colleges. Some schools offer the classroom portion of these programs online, and work with cooperating hospitals or healthcare facilities to provide the clinical or practicum coursework. These programs may take anywhere from a few months for a phlebotomy program, up to four years for a bachelor's degree in medical technology.
Most programs will require a high school diploma or equivalent for entrance, and some may show a preference toward students who did well in high school math, biology, and chemistry courses. Depending on the program, students may have to complete cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training prior to enrollment. Graduates of these programs may need to be licensed to work. However, licensing requirements vary by state.
Surgical Technology Hospital Training Program
Individuals who want to enter into the surgical technology field must complete a hospital training program, which can take about 1-2 years and can be offered as certificate, diploma, or associate degree programs. During a program, students typically learn how to assist surgeons and other staff members during medical procedures. Students typically participate in classroom lecture courses and then apply what they learn during hands-on clinical rotations. Common coursework may include:
- Medical terminology
- Anatomy and physiology
- Surgical pharmacology
- Surgical procedures
- Patient care
Medical Technology Hospital Training Program
Medical technology careers include those that focus on clinical laboratory testing. During bachelor's degree or continuing education certificate programs, students can learn the skills necessary for collecting samples, setting up test equipment, conducting laboratory tests, and reporting results. The continuing education hospital certificate programs typically require students to have completed a relevant bachelor's degree for admission. Many of these programs can be completed in one year or less. Courses often cover different types of laboratory testing. Students can participate in classroom lectures about testing protocols before participating in laboratory clinical rotations. Coursework in these programs can include:
- Urine analysis
- Transfusion services
Phlebotomy Hospital Training Program
Individuals in phlebotomy hospital training programs learn the skills to safely take blood out of the body for medical testing. Students also learn how to make patients comfortable throughout the blood-drawing process. Several training programs can be completed within 6-10 weeks, and each program usually consists of classroom lectures mixed with on-the-job-training. Many phlebotomy hospital training programs start off the first few weeks of the program with only classroom lecture coursework. The remainder of the program is usually spent in clinical rotations under the close supervision of a trained phlebotomist. Course topics cover the following areas:
- Blood collection techniques
- Intravenous needles
- Blood sample testing
- Laboratory computer systems
- Biohazard safety procedures
Popular Career Options
Although there are many medical technology positions within the healthcare field, industries such as law enforcement or scientific research also utilize workers trained in this career field. After completing a surgical technology training program, graduates are capable of working in several locations, including operating and emergency rooms, dentist and doctors' offices, medical testing and organ donation facilities, medical laboratories and blood banks. Phlebotomists can work in various roles in setting these settings. Possible job titles for individuals holding at least a bachelor's degree can include:
- Surgical technologist
- Surgical technology sales representative
- Operating room technician
- Clinical laboratory scientist
- Forensic laboratory technician
- Medical technologist
Career and Certification Information
Although certification is voluntary for workers in the surgical technology field, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) stated that certified workers are more likely to find job opportunities (www.bls.gov). Several allied health boards provide certification programs for surgical technology workers, including the National Center for Competency Testing, which offers the Tech in Surgery-Certified designation.
The BLS states that medical technologists may be required to obtain licensure depending on state guidelines. The licensure process often involves completing education and training requirements, as well as passing license examinations. Some states may require workers to complete continued education coursework yearly to keep licenses active. Professionals in this industry may also pursue voluntary certification within their specific medical technology field.
Continuing Education Information
Voluntary certification programs related to phlebotomy are provided by several recognized allied health boards. Phlebotomists who wish to advance into management positions may need to pursue bachelor's degrees related to clinical laboratory sciences.
Hospital training programs vary in length and are offered in fields like medical technology training, surgical technology training, and phlebotomy training. These programs may lead to a certificate, diploma, associate's degree or bachelor's degree, depending on the program.