How to Become a Substitute Teacher: Step-by-Step Guide
Learn how to become a substitute teacher. Research the job description and the education requirements and find out how to start a career in education.
Do I Want to Be a Substitute Teacher?
Substitute teachers carry out the instructional and classroom management processes for teachers who are absent for a day or for extended periods of time. Substitute teachers are responsible for maintaining established rules, procedures and policies of the classroom, school and district.
Teaching can be a challenging profession, since working with young people can be tiring and sometimes frustrating. However, these professionals work during regular business hours, but they may have to complete some work after school. The work in this field is on an as needed basis and might not be consistent. However, it could possibly lead to a more permanent position.
Specific requirements for substitute teachers vary by state and individual school districts. Most commonly, a bachelor's degree is required. Some districts may require that substitute teachers obtain certification. The following table contains essential requirements for substitute teachers:
|Degree Level||Varies by district; can range from a high school diploma to a bachelor's degree**|
|Licensure/Certification||Districts may require substitute licenses or certification**|
|Key Skills||People skills, flexibility, patience, works well under stress, excellent organization, comfortable speaking in front of people, classroom management*|
|Computer Skills||Familiarity with basic office equipment such as printers, copiers and fax machines*|
|Technical Skills||Aptitude for operating audio/visual equipment*|
|Additional Requirements||Background checks, references, immunization records**|
Sources: *Moore County Schools, **Baldwin County Board of Education.
Step 1: Meet Educational Requirements
Most school districts require substitute teachers to have a bachelor's degree in any academic discipline from an accredited college or university. Some school districts require a minimum number of college credit hours. Yet in other instances, only a high school diploma may be required. These differences in education may also depend upon if the substitute teacher is short-term or long-term. Additionally, some employers may request professional experience with school age children for individuals who don't have a bachelor's degree.
- Acquire a background check. All school employees must complete a criminal background check, which includes submitting fingerprints. These requirements can take up to three weeks and aren't transferable if certified in another state. Convictions and pending criminal cases will disqualify prospective substitute teachers from becoming certified or licensed.
- Meet the health and immunization requirements. Most districts will require all school employees to have updated immunization records. Some districts call for training on communicable health topics.
Step 2: Obtain Substitute Teacher Certification
Depending on the school district, prospective substitute teachers may be required to complete training courses and pass written exams in order to earn certification. After obtaining certification, individuals are allowed to substitute in a variety of grade levels and schools within a district. Districts have diverse standards and guidelines that substitutes must meet in order to renew and keep their certifications updated.
Step 3: Work in the Local School District
In order to apply for a position, prospective substitute teachers will need to submit proof of certification and any additional paperwork to the district's human resources department. Some districts require interviews. Substitute teachers may also need to complete an orientation program.
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