Lab tech training programs provide specialized courses that teach the skills used in clinical laboratories. Courses in biology, chemistry, microbiology and mathematics are required for higher levels of employment.
Some common topics in these courses might be:
- General chemistry
- State certification requirements
- Basic algebra
Throughout the training process students will gain experience working on various aspects of the lab setting. Point of care testing, vital sign analysis, hematology, clinical chemistry and phlebotomy procedures are some of the topics covered during lab tech preparation.
List of Lab Tech Courses
Introduction to Clinical Laboratory Science
Students in this introductory course become familiar with the clinical lab techniques for working in a medical, biological or chemical laboratory. Safety procedures are explained, and students receive an overview of immunology, hematology, clinical chemistry, phlebotomy, molecular pathology and body fluid analysis. By the end of the course, students should be competent in the use of lab equipment and solutions, including standard safety and cleanup processes.
This lecture and lab course introduces students to the hematopoietic (blood cellular) system. Topics include hematocrit and reticulocyte determinations, hemoglobin and blood cell counting. Erythrocyte and leukocyte disorders are covered as well as blood and bone marrow cellular morphology.
Immunology and Immunohematology
Immunology is the study of the immune system; immunohematology is the field of study concerned with the antigen-antibody reactions in the human body. Students become familiar with immunodeficiency diseases, concepts in immunology and autoimmune disorders. Human blood group systems, donor selection, antibody screening and blood bank procedures are also covered through a lecture as well as the laboratory unit.
This combination lecture and lab course is part of a bachelor's degree program in clinical or medical technology. The curriculum addresses the anatomy, diversity, physiology, morphology and evolution of animals. The lab unit involves the dissection of preserved animal species.
As part of the Bachelor of Science program in laboratory technology, this course provides a basic overview of cell structure and the function and regulation of the organ systems of the human body. This course covers the musculoskeletal, respiratory, circulatory, immune, reproductive, urinary, digestive and endocrine systems. Hormonal and neural homeostatic control mechanisms are addressed, as well as the way in which the body maintains homeostasis.
Students who complete an Associate of Applied Science degree in clinical or medical laboratory technology at a community college or earn a certificate in laboratory technology from a hospital or vocational school are qualified for entry-level employment as laboratory technicians. A Bachelor of Science degree program in medical or clinical laboratory technology provides additional education in the sciences and general education areas. Students earning a B.S. may become employed at the level of laboratory technologist.