Land Surveyor Training Programs and Requirements
Land surveyor training programs focus on developing the skills needed to accurately measure land, air and water space. Training programs include extensive field practice in the use of electronic and optical instruments used for measuring distance, elevations and angles from one point to another.
Training Requirements and Recommendations
Surveying professionals must have strong mathematical skills in order to understand the complexities of calculating averages, measuring angles and computing land mass areas. Surveying requires specialized equipment, such as high-precision and electromechanical instruments and global positioning technologies, to acquire spatial data, perform data reduction, analyze measurements and make data adjustments. Although entry-level employment can be obtained with an associate degree in surveying technology, employers prefer to hire individuals with a bachelor's degree.
Formal training programs include in-depth study of technical drafting and writing, computer applications, mathematical concepts and physics. Most programs require that students complete a number of field experiences to become familiar with the technological equipment used in surveying and calculating accurate boundaries. Formal training programs have accreditation from the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET).
Associate of Applied Science Degree Program
Usually lasting two years in length, an associate degree program introduces students to cartographic principles, measurement theory, automated methods in mapping. Training programs present students with opportunities to conduct field surveys and gain valuable experience in data collection and mapping. Students learn to use modern surveying tools and develop strong analytical skills.
Bachelor of Science Degree Program
A bachelor's degree in surveying engineering provides theoretical and practical knowledge of geospatial systems, spatial data collecting, global positioning systems and other surveying technologies. Course topics usually include advanced math, data collection systems, survey computations, legal aspects of surveying and boundary surveying principles. Through hands-on assignments students learn to use modern technology to analyze hydraulic systems, land development sites, highways and structures. A bachelor's degree typically takes four years to complete.
Entry-level surveyors can usually find employment as survey technicians or assistants with little or no real-world job experience. Candidates who have taken advantage of internship opportunities while completing their formal training have an advantage when competing for jobs. Advanced positions, such as project managers or field chiefs, typically require candidates to have 5-10 years of work experience in the industry.
Licenses and Certifications
In order to begin careers in the industry, surveyors are required to obtain licensure through their state licensing board. Specific licensing requirements vary from state to state, but the majority requires candidates to pass the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES) examinations and occasionally require additional exams administered by the state. After passing the initial NCEES Fundamentals of Surveying exam, individuals will usually work under the supervision of a licensed surveyor for a period of four years prior to taking the NCEES exam in Principles and Practice of Surveying.
The National Society of Professional Surveyors (NSPS) offers voluntary certification programs for licensed surveyors. Certification can be obtained at four different levels determined by experience level and examination. Some employers are beginning to require certification for career advancement into positions with greater job responsibilities. At any level, the NSPS Certified Survey Technician (CST) exam is provided in both a field track and office track. The first exam can be taken by entry-level professional with zero experience. The progressive exams are available after that at approximately two year intervals.
Workshops and Seminars
State associations for professional surveyors usually offer a number of educational opportunities for individuals in the industry. In addition to one-day workshops and lectures, professional associations typically sponsor an annual conference that can last up to three days. Annual conferences usually offer a variety of breakout sessions and seminars covering a wide array of contemporary topics that are relevant to surveying field and office work. Conferences also provide an exhibition hall and networking opportunities.
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