Schools without specific marine engineering departments may offer, as part of a civil or environmental engineering degree, a concentration in one or more aspects of marine science. Marine engineering programs can be referred to as coastal or offshore engineering, ocean or oceanographic engineering, naval architecture, naval construction or naval engineering.
While a bachelor's degree program will expose students to basic topics in marine engineering through class instruction and internships, programs at the master's and doctoral levels explore more advanced subjects, such as marine thermodynamics, fluid dynamics and wave theory. Graduate programs also place a stronger emphasis on research.
A high school diploma, with good grades in science and math courses, and high scores on the ACT/SAT are required for admission into bachelor's degree programs. A bachelor's degree in an engineering discipline is required for graduate programs. Prior completion of a master's program may be required for admission to a doctoral program. Licensing requirements apply to some types of positions within the field of marine engineering.
Bachelor's in Marine Engineering
Marine engineering applies basic engineering principles to systems designed to operate in predominately aquatic environments. This includes not only all types of seafaring vessels, docks, harbors, freight-handling facilities, oil platforms, wind turbines and shipbuilding facilities, but also engines, motors, navigational and communications devices, rigging, tools, foul-weather gear and safety equipment.
Marine engineering employs techniques from many engineering disciplines. A four-year program may be sufficient to acquaint the student with the breadth of subject areas pertinent to marine engineers, but is unlikely to offer much depth in any single discipline. Basic courses include the following:
- Engineering analysis principles
- Fluid mechanics
- Marine structures
- Wave mechanics
- Naval architecture
- Ship dynamics
Master's in Marine Engineering
A master's program gives the student a year or two to study a specialty subject in greater depth, and build a foundation for marine engineering research. Some master's programs require each candidate to complete a master's thesis in lieu of more course hours.
The master's curriculum would typically include advanced hydrodynamics and mathematics, along with higher-level coursework in the student's selected specialty, which could include the following:
- Numerical simulation techniques
- Differential equations
- Dynamics of ocean systems
- Applied marine thermodynamics
- Marine dredging and mining
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Ph.D. in Marine Engineering
Ph.D. candidates are expected to master the differential equations required to simulate complex interrelated systems, along with the advanced fluid dynamics and wave mechanics common to all branches of marine engineering. Programs may require maintaining a minimum grade point average for coursework. Written or oral examinations to assess proficiency and presentation of a formal dissertation are generally important components of such a program.
The bulk of a doctoral candidate's course hours will be devoted to conducting independent research and writing a dissertation. This could take around two years, or six years for combined programs, to complete. Many candidates hold teaching positions as a part of their studies. Upper-level courses may include the following:
- Computational fluid dynamics
- Ports and harbors
- Estuary hydrodynamics
- Nonlinear wave theory
- Sediment transport
Popular Career Options
Most companies hiring entry-level marine engineers will provide on-the-job training that builds upon the largely theoretical college coursework. Undergraduate students who participate in internships or work-study jobs in marine engineering fields will not only gain valuable experience but improve their employment prospects after graduation. Jobs available for graduates of 4-year programs include the following:
- Marine equipment specialist
- Ship's engineer
- Hydrographic surveyor
- Ship design engineer
- Marine structural engineer
- Marine systems engineer
Employment Outlook and Salary Info
In 2015 there were 7,600 positions for marine engineers and naval architects, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (www.bls.gov). The median annual wage for marine engineers and naval architects was $93,110 in May 2015, and the industry was projected to grow by 9% from 2014-2024, which is faster than the average for all occupations.
Continuing Education Information
Engineers who offer their services to the public are required to pass licensure examinations, and several professional organizations provide review courses to prepare for these exams. Practical experience in the field is as valuable as further study in order to maintain an upward career trajectory, but obtaining an advanced degree may facilitate a faster career advance or a shift into a different branch of marine engineering.
To get the training needed to develop different ships or platforms, many students seek bachelor's, master's and PhD degrees in marine engineering. While the undergraduate degree covers the basics of the field, graduate programs allow students to specialize in a particularity area. Those with a PhD can teach in university settings.