Masters in Medical Science: Degree Program Overviews

Graduate degree programs in medical science might lead to a Master of Arts (M.A.), Master of Science (M.S.) or Master of Medical Science (MMS). Students can choose a pre-professional track that prepares them to enter a professional school, such as medical or dental school, or a research track that provides them with knowledge and skills to pursue a career in medical research or continue on to a Ph.D. program.

Essential Information

Many programs are offered with a variety of specializations directly related to positions in the medical field, such as women's health, molecular medicine, pharmacology, aging and neuroscience, medical nutrition science, behavioral medicine or clinical investigation; some specializations require completion of a dual degree. Some are 1-year programs; others add a second year of supervised research. A bachelor's degree, among other admission requirements, is necessary to enter medical science graduate degree programs.

  • Program Levels in Medical Science: Master's degrees, Dual-Master's degrees
  • Program Length: 1-2 years
  • Prerequisites: Bachelor's degree, undergraduate courses in biology, chemistry and physics, MCAT scores ranging from 24-27
  • Other Possible Requirements: GPA of at least 3.0, submission of GRE scores

Master's Programs in Medical Science

The purpose of the program dictates the courses. All of these degrees are built around a core of science courses that include most of the following classes on an advanced level:

  • Biochemistry and cell biology
  • Developmental biology
  • Neurobiology
  • Molecular biology
  • Biostatistics
  • Anatomy and physiology

Popular Career Options

Master's programs in medical science typically do not prepare students to enter a career upon graduation; rather, they prepare them to enter professional health care programs or research-oriented doctoral programs. Some careers that graduates can attain once they complete further training at the doctoral level are:

  • Medical doctor
  • Pharmacologist
  • Medical research scientist
  • Dentist

Continuing Education

Graduates of master's degree programs in medical science can choose to continue their studies with specialized doctoral programs. For example, they may focus on cell biology and pathology, immunology or cardiovascular disease in a Ph.D. program. Aspiring doctors can enter medical school to earn an M.D. degree or enter a program that offers a combination of an M.D. with a specialized Ph.D. program. Graduates could also apply to dental, veterinary, physical therapy or pharmacology programs.

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