Nail technician programs are open to high school graduates and can be found in cosmetology schools, technical colleges and community colleges. The length of a nail technician program varies by the number of required training hours but usually lasts 3-6 months. Nearly all programs include both classroom lectures and hands-on training.
Here are some common concepts taught in nail technician training programs:
- Basics of nail care
- Nail care safety and best practices
- Anatomy and physiology of nails and cuticles
- Manicure and pedicure techniques
- The salon and beauty industry
- Nail care technology
List of Nail Classes
Introductory Nail Technology Course
In this first course toward becoming a nail technician, students use simulated salon settings to practice techniques on artificial hands and live models. Students learn the basics of hand and arm physiology as well as skin disorders and diseases, safety, sanitation and communication. Students may learn how to use hot oil, artificial nails or spa procedures.
Intermediate Technology Course
In this continuation of introductory nail technology courses, students use only live models for nail art, artificial nails and nail wraps. In this course, students learn nail correction and repair as well as proper removal and nail fills for fiberglass, acrylic and gel artificial nails. Intermediate nail technology courses focus on the requirements for state board licensure and also emphasize HIV and OSHA procedures.
Manicures and Pedicures Course
Students of a manicures and pedicures course learn the anatomy of the hands and feet. Safety and sanitation procedures are studied in-depth, including identifying customers who should be sent to a physician. Other topics studied include skin disorders, nail product chemistry and manicure and pedicure techniques.
Salon Ownership Course
Targeted at students who wish to run their own salon, a nail salon ownership course reviews proper etiquette, communication and business skills for management and retail spa and salon settings. Students learn how to get and maintain salon clients, work the front desk and make appointments. Proper mixing and storage of salon chemicals is also part of a salon ownership course curriculum.
Advanced Techniques Course
Advanced nail techniques courses are taken near the end of a certificate program and cover supplementary and higher-level manicure and pedicure techniques like paraffin wax treatments, aromatherapy and reflexology. In some programs, students learn how to airbrush art onto artificial nails during advanced nail techniques courses.