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Obstetricians care for pregnant women and their babies before, during and after childbirth. Gynecologists focus on the health of the female reproductive system. Generally, these two fields are studied in unison in an OBGYN program. OBGYNs must earn a bachelor's degree and graduate from medical school before starting their residency training program.
OBGYN schools are called residency training programs and are offered by teaching hospitals or clinics, often in conjunction with a local medical school. Residency programs for OBGYNs are required and are available only to postgraduate medical students. Residency programs are four years long and use rotations through different services in the hospital or clinic, such as general obstetrics and gynecology, gynecological oncology, reproductive endocrinology and urogynecology to provide hands-on training for residents. Residency programs also use the teaching and supervising of medical students as a learning modality.
One of the primary considerations when selecting an OBGYN residency program is accreditation. In order to qualify to take the OBGYN board exams, residents must complete a program accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (www.acgme.org). Although licensing requirements vary throughout the states, many also require the completion of an ACGME-accredited residency program in order to qualify for licensure.
Since residents will be receiving most of their education from the hospital or clinic that they serve at, in addition to spending many rotation and on-call hours there, choosing the right medical center for residency is important. Hospitals, clinics and medical centers offering accredited residency programs should have an accomplished and attentive faculty, extensive clinical and research training opportunities, up-to-date equipment and full obstetric and gynecological care services available.
An additional matter when choosing an OBGYN residency is whether training in sub-specialties is offered. There are many sub-specialties that residents may want to study or specialize in, including gynecologic oncology, maternal-fetal medicine, breast disorders, urogynecology, high-risk obstetrics, neo-natal care, reproductive endocrinology and infertility, reproduction genetics and prenatal diagnostics.
|College/University||Student Population||Institution Type|
|Ohio State University-Main Campus||53,715||4-year, Public|
|University of Florida||51,474||4-year, Public|
|University of Minnesota-Twin Cities||51,140||4-year, Public|
|Michigan State University||46,510||4-year, Public|
|University of South Florida-Main Campus||46,189||4-year, Public|
|New York University||42,189||4-year, Private not-for-profit|
|University of Wisconsin-Madison||41,620||4-year, Public|
|University of Washington-Seattle Campus||39,675||4-year, Public|
|University of Arizona||38,057||4-year, Public|
|University of Southern California||33,747||4-year, Private not-for-profit|
|Virginia Commonwealth University||32,044||4-year, Public|
|Boston University||31,766||4-year, Private not-for-profit|
|Wayne State University||31,024||4-year, Public|
|University of California-Davis||30,568||4-year, Public|
|The University of Tennessee||30,410||4-year, Public|
|University of Missouri-Columbia||30,130||4-year, Public|
|University of Cincinnati-Main Campus||29,617||4-year, Public|
|University of Kansas||29,365||4-year, Public|
|University of Iowa||29,152||4-year, Public|
|University of Nevada-Las Vegas||28,600||4-year, Public|
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Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics