Occupational Safety Degrees by Degree Level
Learn about occupational safety degree programs by level. Discover the courses that are included in each program and review a list of potential careers for graduates. See the employment outlook statistics for occupational health and safety specialists.
Depending on their previous education, individuals who want to build careers in occupational safety could apply to bachelor's or master's programs. Once enrolled in a 4-year bachelor's degree program in occupational safety, students learn to monitor workplace safety conditions and properly operate equipment. Bachelor's-level students might participate in internships for hands-on experience. A 2-year master's degree program in occupational safety provides advanced education for experienced professionals who want to increase their knowledge of safety engineering, fire protection and toxicology.
Bachelor of Science in Occupational Safety
Occupational safety professionals protect the public from potentially unsafe working conditions. With safety protocols in place for practically every industry, occupational safety specialists need to be qualified and trained to visit sites to find code violations, understand chemicals, analyze an accident and know how to handle a situation involving hazardous materials.
A bachelor's degree program in occupational safety prepares students for real world experiences that require them to anticipate, solve and monitor conditions that are unfit or illegal for workers. Students learn management and technical skills, such as how to operate machinery to test its usability and how to prevent workplace fires. High school graduates are eligible to enroll in a bachelor's degree in occupational health and safety program.
Students in the bachelor's degree in occupational safety program are exposed to a range of topics, including how to use protective equipment. Often, students are required to complete an internship in occupational health and safety and learn about workers' compensation. Typical courses include:
- Accident prevention
- Safety engineering
- Environmental issues
- Safety, health and the law
- Employment relations
- Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards
Popular Career Options
Individuals with a bachelor's degree in occupational health and safety have the knowledge to work in a variety of fields, from insurance to business, or for federal, state or local government. Popular careers include:
- Loss prevention specialist
- Environmental protection officer
- Occupational health and safety inspector
- Industrial hygienist
With a bachelor's degree in occupational safety, graduates may apply for an optional professional certification. The Board of Certified Safety Professionals offers a Certified Safety Professional designation, which tests knowledge of the safety standards via a computer-based examination (www.bcsp.com). Recertification requirements need to be met every five years.
Master's in Occupational Safety
While undergraduate degree programs serve as introductions to the field of occupational safety and health, the master's degree program focuses on preventing and solving safety and health dangers. Students in the graduate degree program are often already experienced in the field and enroll in the program to advance in their career opportunities and strengthen their leadership skills. Once in the field, graduates may train workers and employers, implement new safety and health practices for violators, perform on-site inspections and design emergency response plans.
Admission into the master's degree in occupational safety program requires a bachelor's degree in a related field, like science or engineering.
The master's degree in occupational safety curriculum concentrates on the techniques to make decisions, how to reduce workplace violations, conduct audits and promote workplace safety. Students develop the skills needed to be a leader in the occupational safety industry through classroom assignments and case studies on topics like:
- Advanced toxicology
- Research methods
- Accident prevention
- Safety engineering
- Critical thinking
- Occupational ergonomics
- Fire protection
Employment Outlook and Salary Info
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), a projected 9% increase in employment of occupational health and safety specialists was expected from 2010-2020; the majority of these jobs were anticipated to be for loss prevention professionals (www.bls.gov).
The same source reported that in May 2011, there were 57,950 occupational safety and health specialists working in the United States. The median salary for these professionals was $31.86 per hour, or $66,270 annually.
Continuing Education and Professional Certification
Individuals seeking further education can complete a doctorate in occupational health and safety, although these degrees aren't incredibly common. The Board of Certified Safety Professionals offers a Graduate Safety Professional for master's degree graduates who apply for the qualifying examination within three years of graduation.
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