Pediatrician Training Programs and Requirements
Pediatricians acquire comprehensive medical knowledge and training about infant, child, and young adult healthcare. Students gain this expertise by attending medical schools and completing internships and residencies.
Pediatricians follow the same medical training regime as other doctors. Many complete bachelor's degree programs and then go on to pursue medical degrees from an accredited medical school. Most pediatricians obtain a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.). However, individuals with a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) may also practice general pediatrics in primary care or family practice offices. Both require four years of medical school and 3-8 years of internships and residencies. Upon graduation, pediatricians must pass the U.S. Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) in order to practice as physicians.
Pediatricians may choose between pursuing an M.D. degree program or a D.O. degree program. Both offer general medical knowledge and the opportunity to specialize in pediatrics. These medical degree programs also culminate with pediatric internships and residencies that last several years and provide clinical rotations in general pediatrics, infancy care, and a chosen sub-specialization (such as pediatric cardiology, pediatric pulmonology, or pediatric emergency care). Those wishing to pursue certification in a sub-specialty area complete additional years of residency in that specialty.
- Pediatric Program Fields: Doctor of Medicine in Pediatrics; Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine
- Prerequisites: Bachelor's degree; MCAT scores
- Program Length: Four years; Three to eight year residency/internship program
- Other Requirements: Internships and volunteer work may be required
Doctor of Medicine in Pediatrics
Individuals interested in pursuing a 4-year M.D. degree program should verify its accreditation with the national accrediting agency, Liaison Committee on Medical Education (LCME). According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), LCME listed 129 accredited medical schools in 2008.
Medical students learn how to document medical histories, perform patient exams, and diagnose acute or chronic illnesses. Students specializing in a pediatric sub-specialty dedicate additional coursework and clinical rotations to that specialty and gain certification through the American Board of Medical Specialists (ABMS). Upon completion of medical school, an M.D. typically enters a paid residency program that lasts several years; this often occurs in a hospital setting. Courses may include:
Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine
Prospective medical students interested in preventive medicine, holistic patient care, and musculoskeletal systems may wish to enroll in a D.O. program. This type of medical degree not only includes traditional M.D. coursework, but also emphasizes the role locomotor systems have in overall health and well-being.
According to the BLS, the American Osteopathic Association listed 25 accredited schools that award a D.O. as of 2008. However, unlike M.D. candidates, many D.O. students begin a 12-month internship with clinical rotations prior to joining a residency program that lasts an additional 2-6 years. Possible course topics include:
- Homeopathic remedies
- Preventive care techniques
Every state in the U.S requires pediatricians to be licensed in order to practice medicine. This licensure involves taking and passing the USMLE. In order to sit for the exam, all candidates must graduate from an accredited medical school. Additional specialty certifications may be granted by the American Board of Medical Specialists (ABMS) or the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) upon meeting residency criteria for respective specialties.
Pediatricians often work irregular hours and are required to handle stressful medical situations. They work closely with partnering physicians, nurses and other medical support staff. Good bedside manner is important for pediatricians, who must build a rapport with patients and their families over years of check-ups and during critical times.