Pharmacist Education and Career Training Information
Learn about the education and preparation needed to become a pharmacist. Get a quick view of the requirements as well as details about degree programs, job duties and licensure to find out if this is the career for you.
Pharmacists are responsible for filling prescriptions for patients. A doctorate degree from a program accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) is required. Prospective pharmacists must complete clinical work, including two years of Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experiences and two years of Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences, to earn the degree. A license earned by passing the North American Pharmacists Licensure Examination (NAPLEX), is also a required qualification.
|Required Education||Doctor of Pharmacy degree|
|Other Requirements||1-2 years of residency training, NAPLEX licensure|
|Projected Job Growth (2012-2022)*||14%|
|Average Salary (2014)*||$118,470|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Pharmacist Education Information
Individuals who want to become pharmacists will need a Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) degree. To be accepted into a Pharm.D. program, students must first complete a pre-professional track that is typically two years in length and includes scientific courses in biology, chemistry, physics, anatomy and physiology. Foundational courses in pharmaceutical practices may also be included.
Students may consider Pharm.D. programs that are accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE). Accreditation demonstrates that a program is preparing students to meet the standards of the profession. According to the ACPE, state licensing boards require applicants to have graduated from an accredited program (www.acpe-accredit.org).
Pharm.D. programs are typically completed in four years and provide instruction on medical dosages, patient consultations and medication interactions. The curricula include coursework in pharmacy law, pharmacotherapy, dosage forms and health management. Students are familiarized with the equipment used on the job, including filling machines and flow cabinets.
Clinical experience is a major segment of a Pharm.D. program. In the first two years, students take Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experiences, in which students develop essential skills, such as consulting patients, delivering immunizations and performing screenings. During the final two years, students take Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPEs) that place them in patient care settings under the supervision of licensed pharmacists. APPEs have rotations that allow students to experience different areas of pharmacy, including inpatient, ambulatory operations and electives.
Pharmacist Career Training Information
Pharmacists must be licensed to practice. In addition to having a Pharm.D. from an accredited program, individuals must pass the North American Pharmacists Licensure Examination (NAPLEX), which tests applicants on pharmacotherapy, dispensing medications and providing accurate healthcare information ( www.nabp.net).
All states require applicants to complete either the Multistate Pharmacy Jurisprudence Examination (MPJE) or a state-sponsored exam. The MPJE tests students on the legal aspects of the pharmacy practice, licensure requirements and the regulatory laws that govern the profession. The NAPLEX and the MPJE are administered by the National Association of Pharmacy Boards. States may have addition licensing requirements, including background checks or age limits.
Fellowships and Residencies
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), pharmacists who want to work in a clinical setting may consider completing a residency program or fellowship program (www.bls.gov). Residencies and fellowships are individualized programs that train pharmacists for administrative work or a specialty filed, such as informatics or community care. Programs typically last 1-2 years and may include research on the benefits of drug therapy and other topics in the field.
Employment Outlook and Salary Information
Pharmacists are expected to see a 14% increase in demand between 2012 and 2022, based on data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). According to the BLS, the field may add 41,400 jobs over that decade. In 2014, the BLS reported an average salary of $118,470 for pharmacists.
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