Probation Officer Requirements and Training Information

Probation officers require a significant amount of formal education. Learn about the education, job duties, and certification requirements to see if this is the right career for you.

Essential Information

Probation officers, sometimes referred to as correctional treatment officers, are criminal justice professionals who oversee and maintain records on individuals' behaviors who have been sentenced to probation. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), most probation officers work exclusively with either adults or juveniles. They also work closely with the courts, making recommendations and testifying about their findings. Along with understanding the legal system, they should be knowledgeable about concepts in psychology and sociology.

Required EducationBachelor's degree in criminal justice or a related field
Other RequirementsState-mandated training and certification test
Projected Job Growth (2012-2022)*1% decline for probation and correctional treatment officers
Average Salary (2014)* $ 53,360 annually

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Educational Requirements

While a master's degree may be needed in some cases, most jobs for probation officers require candidates to hold bachelor's degrees, according to the BLS. Individuals may major in criminal justice, justice administration or a related field. These programs include coursework in social behavior, criminal justice processes, criminology and ethics. Some programs encourage students to perform an internship in a criminal justice specialty, such as substance abuse or corrections, before they graduate.

Training Requirements

Many states require prospective probation officers to complete training programs, certification tests or both before they may begin work. Training programs may include coursework or hands-on demonstrations and cover topics such as state regulations and self-defense techniques. After completing state-sponsored training, potential probation officers generally work as trainees under experienced officers for a period of time, usually a year. Probation officers may be required to complete continuing education to remain certified.

Additional Requirements

The BLS indicated that most agencies require applicants to be at least 21 years old; potential candidates seeking federal employment must also be younger than 37 years old. Applicants may have to submit to background checks and random drug tests, and they can be eliminated from consideration if they have been convicted of a felony. They may also have to take additional tests, including those that measure their psychological or physical fitness.

Career Outlook

Most people in the probation officer and correctional treatment specialist occupation earned between $32,810 and $83,920 in 2014, and the profession was expected to see a 1% decline in job growth from 2012-2022 due to funding cutbacks, according to the BLS.

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