Psychiatric Nurse Education and Training Program Information
Psychiatric nurses often evaluate patients, provide mental health treatments and work with family members. Psychiatric nurse education and training programs are commonly offered at the graduate degree and certificate levels, although nurses with clinical experience and a nursing bachelor's degree are typically qualified to care for psychiatric patients.
Education and Training Requirements and Recommendations
Generally, medical facilities and home care organizations fill their psychiatric mental health nursing needs with psychiatric registered nurses (RNs) or psychiatric nurse practitioners (NPs). Psychiatric RNs generally need a bachelor's degree in nursing from an accredited college. In contrast, NPs, who diagnose patients and prescribe medications, are required to have a master's degree or higher. In addition to education, experience in psychiatric nursing is vital.
Some health facilities in need of psychiatric nurses may consider employing RNs or licensed practical nurses (LPNs) with a nursing associate degree or diploma and experience. However, most employers prefer to hire psychiatric nurses who have at least a 4-year nursing degree.
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
At the undergraduate degree level, nursing students typically take one course in psychiatric nursing. They also gain general skills in nursing all age groups and study foundational sciences, such as anatomy, physiology, biology and chemistry. They also gain hands-on experience by participating in clinical rotations.
Master of Science in Nursing
Graduate mental health nursing students participate in clinical experiences, during which time they gain experience supervising, consulting and evaluating patients. They also gain advanced knowledge of drug therapy and psychiatric treatment methods for critical and chronic mental diseases.
Psychiatric nursing graduate certificates are generally intended for nurses with a master's degree. Graduate certificate students usually participate in two clinical practica and study such topics as behavior modification, psychopharmacology and health promotion.
Most employers require psychiatric nurses to have at least two years of experience working with mentally ill patients. Applicants should also have at least two years of experience working as a nurse practitioner or registered nurse, depending on the position. Certain medical facilities may require additional experience in a particular setting, such as pediatric care or home care. Experience is gained on-the-job and through required clinical internships.
Licenses and Certifications
Employers require psychiatric nurses to hold RN or NP state licenses. To prescribe medications, psychiatric nurse practitioners are required to have clearance with their state as well as the federal Drug Enforcement Agency. Voluntary board certifications in psychiatric nursing, offered through organizations such as the American Nurses Credentialing Center (www.nursecredentialing.org), may be preferred. To qualify, applicants must be RNs, meet minimum educational requirements in psychiatric nursing and pass an exam; registered nurse candidates must also meet minimum specialty experience requirements.
Workshops and Seminars
In order to maintain certifications and licensure, psychiatric nurses must meet continuing education requirements. Consequently, a number of nursing organizations offer seminars and conferences, which satisfy these requirements and last 2-5 days. Topics include mental health drugs and trends in psychiatric treatment methods.
Additional Professional Development
For specialized education, mental health nurses can look to graduate certificate programs, which are often available in community, child, adult or geriatric mental health. Alternatively, nurses interested in research or education may choose to pursue a doctoral degree in the field.
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