Radiology Degree Program Information and Requirements

Get information on the curriculum of associate's, bachelor's and master's degree programs in radiology. See examples of core classes, and read about program prerequisites. Check out some of the career options for various degree levels, and learn what's needed for licensure and certification.

Essential Information

Radiology is a branch of medicine that focuses on internal imaging and involves the use of high-energy radiation or other imaging technologies. These technologies usually include digital imaging technology, radio waves, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computer tomography (CT) scanning, ultrasound and nuclear magnetic resonance. There are associate's, bachelor's and master's degree programs in radiology, each of which builds in complexity through advanced coursework and hands-on training.

With the associate's degree program, students are introduced to radiology, basic patient care and the equipment used. Bachelor's degree students focus on such topics as management of quality care and specialty imaging like mammography. In the master's degree program, students can often concentrate in an area of interest, while learning about leadership and radiologic procedures, among other topics. The curriculum prepares graduates to take a licensure or certification exam following graduation.

Generally, admissions requirements for associate's and bachelor's degree programs include a high school diploma, while a bachelor's degree is needed for master's programs. Additional prerequisites might include completion of math and science classes, along with a background check and proof of immunizations.

Associate's Degree in Radiology

An associate's degree program in radiology teaches students how to operate X-ray equipment, which produces the images used to assist in the diagnosis of conditions and diseases. Students also learn how to position patients during radiological procedures and protect patients, other medical professionals and themselves from potentially harmful radiation.

Education Prerequisites

Vocational schools and community colleges require that students enrolling in a radiology degree program have a high school diploma or its equivalent. It's beneficial for high school students to focus on classes involving math and science.

Program Coursework

The curriculum within an associate's in radiology degree program ensures that students are clinically and academically prepared to begin a career in this field. Courses are offered in:

  • Anatomy and physiology
  • Patient care
  • Radiologic science
  • Radiologic procedures
  • Radiologic exposure
  • Radiologic equipment and quality assurance
  • Radiographic imaging

Popular Career Options

Graduates of an associate's degree in radiology program are eligible for entry-level work. Depending on the position, state licensure may be required. Career opportunities are available as:

  • Nuclear medicine technologist
  • Radiologic technician
  • Radiation therapist

Professional Certification and Licensure Information

Certification is available voluntarily for those working as nuclear medicine technologists, radiologic technicians and radiation therapists. However, some employers and states may require certification. One organization that awards certification for these professions is the American Registry of Radiation Technologists (ARRT). To gain certification, individuals must typically prove completion of an accredited education program and pass a test ( Licensure standards vary by state, so it's important to research what's required before moving forward in the chosen career.

Bachelor's Degree in Radiology

Those enrolled in a bachelor's degree program in radiology study human anatomy and the principles of imaging. Students learn professional etiquette and the protocols of interacting with patients and medical professionals. While an associate's degree is the most common type of qualification for this field, a bachelor's degree in radiology may lead to managerial opportunities with higher levels of pay.

Education Prerequisites

Students entering this program should be high school graduates. Other admissions requirements may include a background check, submission of immunization tests and current certification by the ARRT or a related organization. Clinical portions of these programs may have separate admissions requirements, such as having a certain GPA or passing specific core classes.

Program Coursework

The classes in a bachelor's degree in radiology program prepare students for advanced health care management positions. The curriculum offers hands-on radiologic training and instructional theory. Courses may include:

  • Legal and ethical aspects of health care
  • Sectional anatomy
  • Principles of quality management
  • Mammography
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Patient care issues
  • Medical imaging in the digital environment

Employment Outlook and Salary Information

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), career opportunities in nuclear radiation technology were expected to rise 16% between 2008 and 2018, which is an increase of 3,600 jobs ( The same agency noted that career opportunities for radiologic technologists and technicians were projected to grow by 17% in the same decade, while radiation therapists were estimated to have a 27% growth in employment.

In 2010, the BLS reported that there were 21,600 nuclear medicine technologists working in the U.S. The mean hourly wage for these individuals was $33.20, which translates to $69,050 annually. Radiation therapists held 16,590 jobs in 2010 and earned an average of $37.64 per hour, or $78,290 annually.

Master of Science in Radiologic Science

Students interested in the Master of Science (M.S.) in Radiologic Science program can often choose between multiple concentrations, including education in radiologic sciences, radiologic science administration or radiologic assistant. These programs often require the completion of 39-42 credit hours beyond a bachelor's degree and a thesis. To enter an M.S. in Radiologic Science program, students must have a bachelor's degree in radiologic science or a related field.

Program Coursework

In an M.S. in Radiologic Science program, students must gain practical experience in an approved setting. Certain concentrations may require a longer practicum in a hospital or health setting. Common courses include:

  • Radiologic science trends
  • Leadership in radiologic science
  • Patient interactions
  • Legal issues in radiology
  • Radiologic assistant procedures

Popular Career Options

Radiologic technicians who earn a M.S. in Radiologic Science can qualify for upper-level jobs in their field. Common careers include:

  • Radiologist assistant
  • Medical physicist
  • Medical educator

Professional Certification Information

The ARRT offers a Registered Radiologist Assistant certification for individuals who have proof of their advanced education and one year of full-time clinical experience. These individuals must also pass an exam administered by AART and agree to abide by the organization's code of ethics.

The American Board of Radiology (ABR) offers certification in several specialties for medical physicists, including therapeutic medical physics, diagnostic medical physics and nuclear medical physics (

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