Probation officers monitor and work with probationers to prevent them from committing new crimes. To become a probation officer, you must acquire a bachelor's degree, along with required training and certification. The following information details the educational requirements and job outlook for this occupational field.
Probation officers supervise convicted criminals who serve probation time instead of jail sentences. Job duties include meeting with offenders and documenting their activities to ensure that they obey the court's probation requirements. Probation officers work for state and federal governments, agencies and jurisdictions. Most probation officers hold a bachelor's degree.
|Required Education||Bachelor's degree|
|Other Requirements||State training program and certification|
|Projected Job Growth (2014-2024)*||4%|
|Average Salary (2015)*||$54,080|
Source:*U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Probation Officer Requirements
Various federal, state and local law enforcement agencies may have different job requirements for becoming a probation officer. However, most employers require a bachelor's degree in justice administration, social work, corrections, psychology or criminal justice. Some employers require a master's degree in one of the preceding fields. Individuals who earn an associate's degree may improve their chances of becoming a probation officer by obtaining relevant work experience in the fields of social work, counseling, criminal investigations or corrections. Requirements for becoming a probation officer include good writing and interpersonal skills.
Most employers require applicants for probation officer positions to be at least 21 years old. Aspiring probation officers typically must pass a state or federal certification exam, depending on the employer. Requirements to become a probation officer also include passing psychological and physical exams, drug screening and a criminal background check.
A significant amount of probation officer training takes place on the job. Newly hired probation officers must undergo a supervised training and probationary period for up to a year before they are hired full-time. Federal agencies require probation officers to have at least two years of work experience, which they typically obtain at state and local agencies.
Probation officers usually specialize in supervising either adults or juveniles. They closely monitor the activities of probationers by communicating with their neighbors, friends, families and community groups. They meet with offenders regularly at probation offices and at their probationers' homes and job sites. Probation officers may arrange for offenders to obtain employment, housing or alcohol and drug abuse counseling. A key job duty involves writing reports on offenders' progress and submitting the documents to courts. At any given time, probation officers may handle 20-100 cases. Probation officers often spend a disproportionate amount of time handling cases that involve high-risk offenders convicted of violent crimes, robberies and selling drugs.
Employment of probation officers is expected to grow by four percent from 2014 to 2024. The average annual salary of probation officers and correctional treatment specialists was $54,080 in 2015.
Becoming a probation officer typically requires a bachelor's degree and certification, along with training that could last 1-2 years. Growth and average salary in the field is reportedly below average, and job duties generally consist of a blend of field work and administrative tasks.