Speech Classes and Courses Overview
The type of speech class sought depends on one's careers goals. Continue reading to learn about the types of offerings to make an informed decision about your education. You can also see examples of classes that would be included in a speech program.
The study of speech is split between two different paths: communication and theater, and speech pathology. Speech-language pathology degrees are offered at the undergraduate and graduate levels and instruct students in the anatomy of the neck and head, and the diagnosis and treatment of speech and hearing disorders. To be considered for admission, officials look heavily at standardized test scores and grade point averages. Also, incoming bachelor's degree students may need to complete pre-major classes before taking core speech courses, while individuals pursuing a master's degree may need to show proof of completed undergraduate work.
Speech may also be a core requirement in any college certificate or degree program. Other speech classes can be taken as standalone continuing education options or via distance learning through a formal program. There are generally no prerequisites to take a speech class. However, if part of a curriculum, students may be asked to complete a fundamental speech type of class for advanced courses.
List of Speech Classes
Here are some of the topics discussed in a speech-related degree program.
By studying the structure of the neck and head, students will better understand how humans speak and hear. Students study the nervous system, cranial nerves and the pathologies of the oral and aural systems. As a leading course in a speech program, students often take a hands-on approach by dissecting cadavers and brains. A course in anatomy is important in understanding communication processes if a student wishes to work in any career that focuses on the rehabilitation, development or use of the oral or auditory systems.
The Science of Speech Course
A prerequisite for this course is the anatomy of speech and hearing. Students will be able to answer the question, 'How do we produce and identify speech?' at the end of the course. Building off an anatomy course, the science of speech course provides an understanding of speech acoustics, speech perception and production characteristics. Students learn how to identify normal characteristics and values that provide a comparison for diagnosing speech and hearing disorders.
Also known as the auditory system, students may couple this hearing course with the science of speech course. This course improves the understanding of the inner and outer ear development. Often, students study the micromechanics and mechano-electric transfer of the inner and outer hair cells. For a better knowledge of hearing loss, students learn about the damage and repair of hair-cell organs, types of hearing loss and the affect of memory on hearing.
A speech disorders course is best taken near the end of a program. In discovering the nature and remedies of speech disorders, students are prepared for a profession in medicine, social work or speech therapy. Often these courses are split into different life stages, but at some colleges this course studies disorders that can afflict people throughout every stage of life. Apahsia, language delay, stuttering, craniofacial anomalies and apraxia are a few of the disorders studied. How to recognize, diagnose and remedy disorders is also covered.
The disorder of dysphasia affects a person's throat and mouth, often making it difficult for them to chew or swallow food. In this course students learn how to recognize the symptoms that correlate with dysphasia. Students may see clinical examples of this disorder and explore the procedures that are used in treating dysphasia. Learning the differences between various mouth issues, such as feeding and strength of the mouth versus swallowing problems, i.e. neck cancer, reflex problems or constricting airways, prepares students to better diagnose dysphasia.
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