Although bachelor's programs in speech-language pathology exist at some schools, a master's degree is the minimum education requirement, in addition to certification or licensure, for professional speech-language pathologists.
Both undergraduate and graduate programs in speech-language pathology include courses in language disorders that affect different age groups, voice disorders and hearing science. Students learn to assess patients and treat their disorders using various tools, techniques and technologies. Several clinical practica are completed during the course of a speech-language pathology program. Some practica may focus on hearing, while others focus on speech and language.
Here are some common topics explored in speech pathology courses:
- Structure of language
- Differential diagnosis
- Intervention strategies
Overview of Courses
Child Language Disorders Course
A child language disorders course may cover all areas of pediatric speech, or may be broken down into specific age groups, such as preschool, school-age and adolescent. No matter the specific population, this course covers language disorder assessment tools and principles. Students learn about language intervention, phonology, pediatric speech disorders and normal speech development in children.
Dysphagia is a condition where it is painful or difficult to swallow. In a dysphagia course, students learn about the signs and symptoms of the condition and how to evaluate patients. Dysphagia can affect children and adults, so students learn treatments for patients of all ages. Specific topics in this course may include assistive tools, diet modification, treatment techniques and modified swallowing procedures.
Voice Disorders Course
There are a variety of voice disorders that may warrant treatment by a speech pathologist. This course gives an overview of voice disorders and voice production problems. Topics covered may include psychogenic disturbance, dysphonia (hoarse or weak voice), or resonance imbalance. Students also learn how to use certain tools and technologies to treat voice disorders. These tools may include videostroboscopy, manomentries, videofluoroscopies or Visi-Pitch instruments.
Speech Pathology Clinical Course
In a speech pathology clinical or practicum course, students learn through hands-on, practical training. Students work under the supervision of a teacher or other licensed speech pathologist to prescribe patient treatment plans, file reports and counsel patients. This is a course that allows students to practice speech therapy and develop their own strategies for patient interaction and diagnosis. Techniques are developed in order to manage speech problems and change patients' behaviors.