Formal translation training programs are available through colleges and training centers throughout the country. Translation training may be offered in the form of a certificate, bachelor's degree, or master's degree program. The most common language concentrations for translation programs offered in the United States include Spanish, French, German, and Chinese. A number of formal training programs provide participants with opportunities to study abroad.
Translation Studies Certificate
While some certificate programs are designed to stand alone, others are meant to supplement or follow undergraduate degrees. Both translation training options are commonly intended for working professionals and introduce participants to the basics of translation theory, practice, and purpose through classroom courses and applied practice. Students gain a basic understanding of computerized translation tools used to speed up and simplify translation procedures. Coursework teaches students how to translate commercial, legal, and medical documents.
Bachelor's Degree in Foreign Language
Undergraduate degree programs in a foreign language are designed to provide written and conversational language skills, as well as an understanding of relative culture and literature. Students are required to complete courses in composition, grammar, and conversation. Translation training is often available through elective courses. Language concentrations vary by college; less common majors include Latin, Japanese, Portuguese, or Arabic. A bachelor's degree in a foreign language usually takes four years of study to achieve.
Master's Degree in Translation
Translation training at the graduate level focuses on translation research and specialized translation applications. Students focus on computer-assisted translation procedures and software development. Advanced coursework is required in the various aspects of translation theory and practice, including in-depth second language studies. Most master's degree programs in translation include a practicum or internship, which can provide students with the experience needed to achieve upper-level translation jobs with higher salaries upon graduation.
American Translators Association Certification
A written exam is available to American Translators Association members who are interested in earning the Certified Translation credential. Certification is available in a variety of English translation combinations, including Chinese, French, Dutch, Japanese, Russian, and Spanish. In order to maintain certification, associate members are required to accumulate 20 hours of continuing education credits every three years.
Popular Career Options
An individual's experience in real-world translation situations plays a vital role in cultivating a successful career as a translator. Employers typically prefer to hire candidates with a combination of formal training and work experience; many require 3-5 years of on-the-job experience. Experience can be gained through internship opportunities as well as volunteer positions with community agencies. Aspiring translators can also take advantage of mentoring programs through organizations such as the American Translators Association.
Employment Outlook and Salary Information
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that approximately 1 in 5 translators were self-employed in 2014. Freelance translators must be able to keep sound financial records, attract new clientele, and set competitive prices for their work. For this reason, professional translators may wish to develop general business skills in marketing, finance, and billing.
The BLS predicts that interpreters and translators will experience an employment growth of 29% from 2014-2024. These workers also earned a median annual wage of $44,190 as of May 2015.
There is currently no universal certification standard for the translation industry. However, a variety of organizations--such as the American Translators Association and the National Association of Judiciary Interpreters and Translators--have developed voluntary certification credentials to help translators demonstrate professionalism and proficiency to potential employers.
A variety of professional organizations offer workshops and seminars relevant to the translation industry. The most prominent professional development opportunities are those offered by the American Translators Association. Throughout the year, the association offers continued learning through its 1-day seminars, divisional workshops and conferences.
The 4-day American Translators Association Annual Conference is held each fall in a major U.S. city or popular resort destination. The conference is comprised of training workshops, panel discussions, and expert presentations, as well as an exhibition hall. Presentation topics cover more than a dozen languages and a variety of translation specialties. Attendees can also expand their list of professional contacts by taking advantage of networking sessions.
Those looking to become professional translators can pursue certificate, bachelor's, and master's programs. Additional voluntary certifications and internships can help graduates find employment in the field.