Broadcast Journalism Professions Video: Becoming a Broadcasting Journalist

Broadcast Journalism Professions Video: Becoming a Broadcasting Journalist Transcript

Interested in a career that's challenging, fast-paced and vital in the life of the nation? Broadcast journalism may be right for you. Broadcasting professionals work for television channels, radio stations and websites. These news reporters, anchors and technical engineers present information to the viewing and listening public. Whether they act as a reporter breaking a big story or a producer working behind the scenes, broadcast journalists play an important role in our democracy.

Introduction

Broadcast journalists work in the news industry and are responsible for keeping the public informed about local, national and world events. Most of these professionals work for television channels, radio stations and websites. Many companies have holdings within each of these media, which allows for opportunities to share content across platforms. For example, a report from a televised news program may also appear on a network's website.

Regardless of medium, the basic functions of broadcast journalists are in large measure the same. It's the role of these professionals to package information about events in a format that will interest and inform media consumers. On radio, these packages may include news summaries or audio essays. Television news, of course, allows for the use of video and other images to help explain events. Broadcasts on the Internet can take many forms, including multimedia formats and video streams. The roles of broadcast journalists can vary significantly in delivering content to the public. Anchors, for example, present news in a studio setting, while reporters generally investigate stories on location (be it live or tape). A host of camera operators, audio engineers and other technicians are also required, as are producers, directors, writers, graphic designers, editors and other behind-the-scenes content specialists.

Typical Coursework

Journalism, broadcasting and mass communications degree programs are offered at hundreds of institutions located in every region of the country. A typical bachelor's program includes courses in communications theory, news writing and reporting, electronic newscasts, visual journalism, public affairs and a host of other media-related topics. Often undergraduate programs incorporate classes in print, broadcast and new media. With the 'convergence' phenomenon (the commingling and sharing of content across media platforms), graduates with experience in a broad range of areas are likely to be most eligible for positions within the new media landscape. Internships are often very important toward completing a degree with students working for school or local media outlets to gain experience in the field prior to graduation.

Job Prospects

Graduates entering the broadcast journalism field can expect a job market with abundant opportunity but also intense competition. Consolidation within certain sectors of the industry (such as radio) has forced some to seek employment in other areas. Generally speaking, however, prospects for graduates are good. On the television side, rapid growth in cable news is creating an influx of on- and off-camera positions. The Internet's expanding influence is also transforming the media landscape with more and more opportunities available to broadcast journalists on the web.

Higher Learning/Graduate Opportunities

There are numerous graduate degree programs in broadcast journalism available across the country. These programs provide more intensive studies in television, radio and Internet journalism with students gaining more specialization toward their respective careers. Often graduate degree programs incorporate substantial work in real-world radio and television studios. Advanced writing and reporting may be assigned with students completing a project encapsulating their work at the conclusion of a degree. In all areas of journalism, study of the Internet and its news applications are increasingly being explored in programs. Students may pursue specialized study in graduate programs to enhance their hire-ability within certain sectors of broadcast journalism, including meteorology, law studies, business, religion and international affairs

Conclusion

Broadcast journalism careers are challenging, fast-paced and vital to the life of the nation. Judgment, communication skills and attention to detail are all very important in this work. Professionals in the field enjoy opportunities to specialize in a broad range of careers. Given the rapid change in today's media landscape, these careers are certain to continue to provide many exciting positions.

Sources

www.bls.gov/oco

www.journalism.columbia.edu

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