The training necessary to become a webmaster is mostly gained through self-study, and therefore only a high school diploma is generally required. Webmasters with a degree in computer science might find themselves at an advantage when seeking out work at larger companies, however.
The main duties of a webmaster are to ensure a website is easy to navigate and can be accessed by people using different operating systems and Web browsers. A webmaster must stay abreast of technology as it advances. Industry certifications are available. Aspiring webmasters learn skills on their own or through formal education.
|Required Education||High school diploma|
|Projected Job Growth (2014-2024)||27%* (web developers)|
|Median Annual Salary (2015)||$64,970* (web developers)|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Training Needed to Become a Webmaster
Many webmasters are self-taught. They learn the skills they need through self-study websites that teach about programming and Web design.
Formal education can be earned through certificate and degree programs. Larger companies seeking candidates for a webmaster position might require a webmaster to have a degree in computer science.
A webmaster certificate program typically introduces students to Web authoring, teaching skills in Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML), Web design, accessibility and cascading style sheets (CSS). Coursework might include an introduction to Web authoring tools, such as Dreamweaver or Front Page. Students are introduced to programming languages, such as PHP Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP), application service provider (ASP) and common gateway interface (CGI).
Webmasters wishing to develop greater skills can earn an associate's degree in Web development. Students usually are introduced to e-commerce, Visual Basic, databases and Web development. Local Area Networks (LAN), systems development and Web database integration are also studied.
Webmasters should take continuing education courses to stay abreast of new technology and computer languages. Certificate programs in Web security, systems administration and Web-based database systems are available. Employers often look for candidates with skills in specific areas, like XHTML, CSS and Flash. Specialized certifications are available from companies like Microsoft.
Dedication to self-study and a willingness to learn a variety of programming languages like XHTML, CSS and PHP are important steps in beginning a career as a webmaster. Skills can be further advanced through continuing education, such as earning an associate's degree in Web development.